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FSSAI released 3rd State Food Safety Index

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  • Published
    28th Sep, 2021


3rd State Food Safety Index (SFSI) of the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has been recently released.


About State Food Safety Index

  • The index is developed by FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) to measure the performance of states on five significant parameters of Food Safety.
  • Five parameters of food safety:
    • human resources and institutional data
    • compliance
    • food testing facility
    • training
    • capacity building besides consumer empowerment
  • The first State Food Safety Index for the year 2018-19 was announced on the first-ever World Food Safety Day on 7th June 2019.

States ranking in the Index

  • Larger states: Gujarat was the top ranking state, followed by Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  • Smaller states: Goa stood first followed by Meghalaya and Manipur.
  • UTs: Jammu & Kashmir, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and New Delhi secured top ranks.

Significance of food safety

  • Food safety helps to protect consumers from the risk of food borne illnesses. 

Food borne illnesses

  • Food borne illnesses are usually infectious or toxic in nature.
  •  They are caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites or chemical substances entering the body through contaminated food or water.
  • An estimated 4,20,000 people around the world die every year after eating contaminated food and children under 5 years of age carry 40% of the foodborne disease burden, with 1,25, 000 deaths every year.
  • It also helps to prevent consumers from risks of health –related conditions such as allergy and even death.
  • It also protects food processing establishments from product recalls which results in financial losses due to unsafe products.

Important facts

  • World Food Safety Day is observed on June 7.
  • In India, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is the apex food safety body.
  • In October 2016, FSSAI operationalized Food Safety and Standards (Fortification of Foods) Regulations, 2016 to fortify staples, to reduce the high burden of micronutrient malnutrition, namely
    • Wheat Flour and Rice (by Iron, Vitamin B12, and Folic Acid)
    • Milk and Edible Oil (by Vitamins A and D)
    • Double Fortified Salt (through Iodine and Iron)
  • ‘+F’ logo has been notified for the identification of fortified foods.

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