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Global Methane Pledge

  • Category
    Environment
  • Published
    22nd Sep, 2021

Context

The US and the EU made a joint pledge to cut global methane emissions by almost a third in the next decade.

Key-highlights of the Pact

  • The pact between the US and the EU sets a target of cutting at least 30% from global methane emissions, based on 2020 levels, by 2030.
  • If adopted around the world, this would reduce global heating by 0.2C by the 2040s, compared with likely temperature rises by then.
  • The world is now about 1.2C hotter now than in pre-industrial times.

Steps taken by India to reduce emissions

  • India has announced a renewable energy capacity goal of 450 GW by 2030.
  • Indian Railways has committed to achieving ‘net zero’ emissions by that year.
  • However, India as a whole has not committed to a time frame for reaching that target.
  • Some 130 countries are considering a net zero emissions target by 2050.

About Methane

  • Methane is a potent greenhouse gas.
  • It is about 80 times more effective at trapping heat in the atmosphere than carbon dioxide.
  • Natural gas production and fracking, meat production and other forms of agriculture are among the chief sources.

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