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Government inaugurates National conference on Agriculture for Rabi campaign 2021

  • Category
    Economy
  • Published
    28th Sep, 2021

Context

In order to assess the crop performance, the Government inaugurated the National conference on Agriculture for Rabi campaign 2021.

Key-highlights of the Conference

  • During the conference, discussions were held on-
    • To review and assess the crop performance during the preceding crop season
    • To fix crop-wise targets for Rabi season in consultation with State Governments
    • To ensure supply of critical inputs
    • To facilitate adoption of innovative technologies with a view to enhance production and productivity of the crops. 
    • The priority of government is to increase production of oilseeds and pulses.

Rabi crops

  • Rabi crops, also known as winter crops, are the crops grown in the winter season (October or November).
  • Main rabi crops include wheat, gram, oat, barley, potato, and seeds like mustard, linseed, sunflower, coriander, cumin, etc.

Key differences between Kharif and Rabi crops:

Kharif Crops

Rabi Crops

 About

Kharif crops are the crops which are sown at the beginning of the rainy season, e.g. between April and May.

Rabi crops are the crops that are sown at the end of monsoon or at the beginning of winter season, e.g. between September and October.

Type

Monsoon crops

Winter or spring crops

Example

rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc.

wheat, gram, peas, barley etc.

Weather

 It requires a lot of water and hot weather to grow.

A warm climate is required for seed germination and cold climate for the growth of crops.

Harvesting months

September to October

March to April

Recent government initiatives for Agriculture

  • For the 2020-21 crop year, the Centre has set a target of a record foodgrains output of 301 million tonne, out of which it expects 151.65 million tonne to come from the rabi season.
  • Formation of 10,000 Farmer Producers Organisations (FPOs)
  • Rs 1 lakh crore Agriculture Infrastructure Fund (AIF)
  • Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA)
  • National Mission on Edible Oils-Oil Palm (NMEO-OP)
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