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India bears 32% global burden of respiratory diseases

  • Category
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    20th Sep, 2018

According to state-level analysis of the Global Burden of Disease report, India is home to 32% of the global burden of respiratory diseases.

Context

According to state-level analysis of the Global Burden of Disease report, India is home to 32% of the global burden of respiratory diseases.

About

  • As per report, respiratory disease burden in India is second only to that of ischaemic heart disease.
  • Chronic respiratory diseases were responsible for 10.9% of the total deaths and 6.4% of the total DALYs in India in 2016.
  • Pollution is the biggest contributor to the respiratory disease burden. About 33.6% of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) could be attributed to ambient air pollution, 25.8% to household air pollution and 21% to smoking.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, on the other hand, contributed to 28.1% of total deaths and 14.1% of total DALYs in India in 2016. Deaths due to cardiovascular diseases in India increased from 1.3 million in 1990 to 2.8 million in 2016.
  • The prevalence of ischaemic heart disease in 2016 was the highest in Kerala followed by Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.
  • The National Health Policy of India 2017 recommends that premature mortality from non-communicable diseases, including chronic respiratory diseases, should be reduced by 25% by 2025.
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