‘India Component of the NDC’
Science & Technology
2nd Sep, 2020
NITI Aayog virtually launched the India Component of the Nationally Determined Contributions - NDC-Transport Initiative for Asia –TIA.
- With the aim to promote a comprehensive approach to decarbonize transport inIndia, Vietnam, and China, NDC–TIA is a joint programme, supported by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and implemented by a consortium of seven organisations, namely:
- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
- International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT)
- World Resources Institute (WRI)
- International Transport Forum (ITF)
- Agora Verkehrswende (AGORA)
- Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT) Foundation
- Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century e.V. (REN21)
The Indian Component
- The India Component is implemented by six consortium organisations, all except SLoCaT.
- Implementing partner: On behalf of the Government of India, NITI Aayog, the country’s premier policy think tank, will be the implementing partner.
- Duration: The NDC-TIA programme has a duration of 4 years.
- It will allow India and other partner countries to achieve accountable long-term targets by making a sectoral contribution through various interventions, coordinated with a large number of stakeholders in the domain.
- This will contribute towards achieving their NDCs and increasing their ambition in the transport sector of 2025 NDCs.
How will it work?
- The NDC–TIA India Component will focus on-
- establishing a multi-stakeholder dialogue platform for decarbonizing transport in India
- strengthening GHG and transport modelling capacities
- providing technical support on GHG emission reduction measures
- financing climate actions in transport
- offering policy recommendations on electric vehicle (EV) demand and supply policies
- evaluating business models through cost-benefit analyses and so forth.
- A significant focus will be given on electric mobility, which would require coupling of transport and energy sectors and receiving cross-sectoral expertise from ministries, international development agencies, think tanks, public and private organisations.
- Ultimately, the programme intends to support the development of policies and regulations to promote electric vehicle charging infrastructure uptake and smooth widescale adoption of EVs in India.
- The programme aims at high ambition in the transport sector directly supporting the country’s NDC targets.
- India has a massive and diverse transport sector that caters to the needs of billion people.
- It has the world’s second-largest road network, which contributes to maximum greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through all means of transportation.
- With increasing urbanisation, the fleet size i.e. the number of sales of vehicles is increasing rapidly. It is projected that the total number of vehicles will be doubled by 2030.