‘India Component of the NDC’

  • Category
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    2nd Sep, 2020

Context

NITI Aayog virtually launched the India Component of the Nationally Determined Contributions - NDC-Transport Initiative for Asia –TIA.

About

  • With the aim to promote a comprehensive approach to decarbonize transport inIndia, Vietnam, and China, NDC–TIA is a joint programme, supported by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and implemented by a consortium of seven organisations, namely: 
    • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
    • International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT)
    • World Resources Institute (WRI)
    • International Transport Forum (ITF)
    • Agora Verkehrswende (AGORA)
    • Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT) Foundation
    • Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century e.V. (REN21)

The Indian Component

  • The India Component is implemented by six consortium organisations, all except SLoCaT.
  • Implementing partner: On behalf of the Government of India, NITI Aayog, the country’s premier policy think tank, will be the implementing partner.
  • Duration: The NDC-TIA programme has a duration of 4 years.
  • It will allow India and other partner countries to achieve accountable long-term targets by making a sectoral contribution through various interventions, coordinated with a large number of stakeholders in the domain.
  • This will contribute towards achieving their NDCs and increasing their ambition in the transport sector of 2025 NDCs.

How will it work?

  • The NDC–TIA India Component will focus on-
    • establishing a multi-stakeholder dialogue platform for decarbonizing transport in India
    • strengthening GHG and transport modelling capacities
    • providing technical support on GHG emission reduction measures
    • financing climate actions in transport
    • offering policy recommendations on electric vehicle (EV) demand and supply policies
    • evaluating business models through cost-benefit analyses and so forth. 
  • A significant focus will be given on electric mobility, which would require coupling of transport and energy sectors and receiving cross-sectoral expertise from ministries, international development agencies, think tanks, public and private organisations.
  • Ultimately, the programme intends to support the development of policies and regulations to promote electric vehicle charging infrastructure uptake and smooth widescale adoption of EVs in India. 
  • The programme aims at high ambition in the transport sector directly supporting the country’s NDC targets.

The need

  • India has a massive and diverse transport sector that caters to the needs of billion people.
  • It has the world’s second-largest road network, which contributes to maximum greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through all means of transportation.
  • With increasing urbanisation, the fleet size i.e. the number of sales of vehicles is increasing rapidly. It is projected that the total number of vehicles will be doubled by 2030.
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