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India got its first national repository for life science data

  • Category
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    17th Nov, 2022

Context

The Government launched India’s first national repository for life science data, the Indian Biological Data Centre(IBDC) at Faridabad, Haryana.

About

  • As per the BIOTECH-PRIDE guidelines of the Government of India, IBDC is mandated to archive all life science data generated from ‘publicly-funded’ research in India.

The Biotech PRIDE Guidelines will facilitate and enable exchange of information to promote research and innovation in different research groups across the country. The Biotech PRIDE Guidelines are applicable for all biological data generated through research conducted within thecountry.

  • With the support of Department of Biotechnology (DBT), the repository has been established at Regional Centre of Biotechnology (RCB), Faridabad with a data disaster recovery site at National Informatics Centre (NIC), Bhubaneshwar.
  • It has a data storage capacity of about 4 petabytes and houses the ‘Brahm’ High-Performance Computing (HPC) facility.
  • IBDC has started nucleotide data submission services via two data portals namely;
    • Indian Nucleotide Data Archive (INDA)
    • Indian Nucleotide Data Archive -Controlled Access INDA-CA
  • The portals aimed to accumulate over 200 billion bases from 2, 08,055 submissions from more than 50 research labs across India.

India’s potential in the field of Biotechnology:

The biotech sector can be broadly divided into five major segments:

  • Biopharma
  • Bio-agriculture
  • Bio-services
  • Bio-industrial Applications
  • Bioinformatic
  • Efforts in Past: In 1986, much before any other country in the world, India recognised the enormous potential of biotechnology and established a separate department committed to this branch of science.
  • Current Economic Status: Currently, India accounts for approximately 3% of the global biotech industry.
    • The biotechnology sector in India has grown from $1.1 billion in 2003 to a mammoth $64 billion sector in 2019 and by 2024; it is expected to be a $100 billion industry.
  • Growing Biotech Start-ups: India’s pioneering achievements in biotechnology is the primary reason why the sector employs the best of minds and contributes to the development of generic and affordable medicare.

Important Government Initiatives:

  • Make in India, Skill India, Start-upIndia programmes are aimed to develop India as a world-class biotechnology and bio-manufacturing hub.
  • Bio manufacturing hub:The government’s aspirational goal of developing the country into a $100-billion bio manufacturing hub by 2024 is certainly going to give a fillip to the biotechnology sector as well.
  • Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC), established under the Department of Biotechnology in 2012, continues to play a crucial role in the development of the biotech sector in India. BIRAC brings innovators and funders on to a common table, enabling ideas to become a reality and facilitate technological advances that make human progress possible.
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