India successfully tests short-range ballistic missile ‘Pralay’
Science & Technology
28th Dec, 2021
Recently, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test fired the indigenously developed surface-to-surface missile ‘Pralay', from Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Island off the coast of Odisha.
About the missile
- Developed by: Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO)
- The missile is powered with a solid propellant rocket motor and many new technologies.
- The solid-fuel, battlefield missile has a range of 150-500 kilometre and can be launched from a mobile launcher.
- 'Pralay' is a short-range, surface-to-surface missile with a payload capacity of 500-1,000 kg.
- The missile guidance system includes state-of-the-art navigation system and integrated avionics.
- The new missile followed the desired quasi ballistic trajectory and reached the designated target with high degree accuracy, validating the control, guidance and mission algorithms.
- All the sensors deployed near the impact point across the eastern coast, including the down range ships, tracked the missile trajectory and captured all the events.
- The missile is based on Prithvi Defence Vehicle from the Indian ballistic missile programme.
Significance of the development
- Security on borders: 'Pralay' is India's first conventional ballistic missile and is an answer to any conventional missile attack from northern or western borders.
- Strengthening of capacity: The missile development is significant as India had no conventionally armed ballistic missile and was hampered by 'No First Use' nuclear policy.
- This is a new generation surface-to-surface missile equipped with modern technologies and induction of this weapon system will give the necessary impetus to the armed forces
Important missiles (with Indian Army)
- Prahaar: This is an indigenous short-range, solid propellant, road-mobile ballistic missile. And has a range of 150 km with a launch weight of 1,280 kg.
- Nirbhay: This subsonic missile will help counter China along the Line of Actual Control and is capable of loitering and cruising at 0.7 Mach at a low altitude of 100 meters.
- BrahMos: A sizable number of BrahMos missiles, a joint venture of India and Russia are already deployed in several strategic locations along the de-facto border with China in Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh.
- Brahmos: Supersonic Cruise Missile (Fastest cruise missile in the world)
- Brahmos II: Hypersonic Cruise Missile
- It also has the following missiles:
- Astra: Air to Air Missile
- Nirbhay: Subsonic Cruise Missile
- Helina (Helicopter Launched Nag): Anti Tank Missile
- Akash: Medium Range Surface to Air Missile
- Trishul: Surface to Air Missile
- Dhanush: Variant of the surface-to-surface or ship-to-ship Prithvi III missile
- Shaurya: Hypersonic surface-to-surface tactical missile
- Agni: Surface to Surface Ballistic Missile
- Prithvi: Surface to Surface short range Ballistic Missile