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Indian Coast Guard gets new chopper

  • Category
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    18th Apr, 2022

Context

Two Dhruv Advanced Light Helicopters (ALH) Mark-III made by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) were inducted into the Indian Coast Guard (ICG).

About

Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH) or ALH-DHRUV:

  • Advanced Light Helicopter or ALH-DHRUV is an indigenously developed utility aircraft by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) with a twin-engine.
  • It has a multi-role, multi-mission dimension to it.
  • Even though its development was started in 1984, and was initially designed with Germany's assistance Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm (MBB), the helicopter was first flown in 1992 but entered service after certification in 2002.
  • According to HAL, the aircraft is “type –Certified” for military operations by the Centre for Military Airworthiness Certification and civil operations by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation.
  • The major variants of Dhruv are classified as Dhruv Mk-I, Mk-II, Mk-III & Mk-IV.
  • The Mk 3 variant of the chopper is a maritime version that can be used for reconnaissance, long-range search and rescue, during both day and night.
  • The two choppers, based at Kochi, are aimed at boosting coastal security along the coast of Kerala, Karnataka and around Lakshadweep, on India's West Coast.

Role of ALH-DHRUV:

  • Commuter role
  • VIP travel
  • Causality evacuation
  • Underslung load
  • Rapid deployment of forces
  • Logistic support
  • Search and rescue
  • Training purpose

Features:

  • The ALH Mk 3 features an array of systems that were previously seen on heavier, multi-role helicopters. This variant is fitted with modern surveillance radar and electro-optical equipment.
  • It is also fitted with a heavy machine gun and a removable intensive care unit, which would be useful in airlifting and providing relief to critically ill patients.
  • With a host of advanced avionics, this chopper is an all-weather aircraft.
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