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International Day of the World's Indigenous People 2023

Published: 10th Aug, 2023

Context

The International Day of the World's Indigenous People is observed on August 9 every year to raise awareness and protect the rights of the world's indigenous population.

Background

  • Through a resolution, the United Nations General Assembly decided on December 23, 1994, that every year August 9 will be celebrated as the International Day of the World's Indigenous People.
  • This date was chosen as on the same day back in 1982 the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations convened its first meeting.

About

About the Day:

  • It is also known as World Tribal Day.
  • The day recognizes the achievements and contributionsthat Indigenous people make to improve world issues such as environmental protection.
  • Theme for International Day of World’s Indigenous People 2023: “Indigenous Youth as Agents of Change for Self-determination.”

On 9th August 2018, the first National Report on the State of India’s Tribal People’s Health was submitted to the Government of India by the Expert Committee on Tribal Health.

Tribal Communities in India:

  • Tribal people are concentrated in 809 blocks in India.
  • Such areas are designated as the Scheduled Areas.
  • Around 50% of India’s tribal population (around 5.5 crore) live outside the Scheduled Areas, as a scattered and marginalised minority.

Why Tribes need special recognition?

Government initiatives for Tribal Welfare

  • Anamaya
  • 1000 Springs Initiative
  • Pradhan MantriAdiAdarsh Gram Yojna (PMAAGY)
  • TRIFED
  • Digital Transformation of Tribal Schools
  • Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups
  • Pradhan Mantri Van DhanYojana
  • Eklavya Model Residential Schools
  • Tribal people heavily depend on government-run public health care institutions, such as primary health centres and hospitals.
  • There is a 27% to 40% deficit in the number of such facilities, and 33% to 84% deficit in medical doctors in tribal areas.
  • Government health care for the tribal people is starved of funds as well as of human resources.

 

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