International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation:

  • Category
    Miscellaneous
  • Published
    20th Feb, 2020

In order to fight Genital Mutilation, the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilationis celebrated on the 6th of February each year.

Context

  • In order to fight Genital Mutilation, the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilationis celebrated on the 6th of February each year.
  • The UN first officially commemorated the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation on February 6, 2003.
  • Female genital mutilation (FGM) is recognized internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. 
  • The practice involves the partial or total removal of external female genitalia or other injuries to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.
  • The WHO classifies female genital mutilation into 4 major types.
    • Type 1: partial or total removal of the clitoral glans (the external and visible part of the clitoris, which is a sensitive part of the female genitals), and/or the prepuce/ clitoral hood (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoral glans).
    • Type 2: partial or total removal of the clitoral glans and the labia minora (the inner folds of the vulva), with or without removal of the labia majora (the outer folds of skin of the vulva).
    • Type 3:Also known as infibulation, this is the narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal by cutting and repositioning the labia minora, or labia majora, sometimes through stitching, with or without removal of the clitoral prepuce/clitoral hood and glans (Type I FGM).
    • Type 4:This includes all other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, e.g. pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterizing the genital area.
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