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NASA successfully launches Landsat 9

  • Category
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    5th Oct, 2021

Context

NASA has successfully launched an earth monitoring satellite Landsat 9 from Vandenberg Space Force Base in California.

Background

  • Landsat Program is a series of Earth-observing satellite missions.
    • These missions are jointly managed by NASA and the U.S. Geological Survey. 
  • This program is the world's longest continuously-acquired collection of data of space-based moderate-resolution land remote sensing data.
    • The mission is to collect data on the forests, farms, urban areas and freshwater of our home planet, generating the longest continuous record of its kind. 
    • Landsat data have contributed to our understanding of Earth in many ways — from measuring the speed of Antarctic glaciers, to tracking the use of water crop fields in the Western US, to monitoring deforestation in the Amazon rainforest.

About

About LANDSAT 9

  • LANDSAT 9 program is a partnership between NASA and Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, north of Sioux Falls.
  • The Landsat 9 joins Landsat 8 and these satellites will together collect images of Earth’s surface. 
  • It will take 8 days to capture the whole Earth.
  • The main focus is repeating global observations for monitoring, understanding and managing Earth's natural resources.
  • Landsat 9 aboard the two instruments- the Operational Land Imager 2 (OLI-2) and the Thermal Infrared Sensor 2 (TIRS-2). 
    • OLI-2 
      • OLI-2 is a push broom sensor that can see the light that we can’t see. 
      • It captures sunlight reflected off Earth’s surface and studies the visible, near-infrared, and short wave infrared portions of the spectrum.
    • TIRS-2 
      • It is an instrument that has a four-element refractive telescope and photosensitive detectors that capture thermal radiation and help study the Earth’s surface temperature.
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