NASA successfully launches Landsat 9
Science & Technology
5th Oct, 2021
NASA has successfully launched an earth monitoring satellite Landsat 9 from Vandenberg Space Force Base in California.
- Landsat Program is a series of Earth-observing satellite missions.
- These missions are jointly managed by NASA and the U.S. Geological Survey.
- This program is the world's longest continuously-acquired collection of data of space-based moderate-resolution land remote sensing data.
- The mission is to collect data on the forests, farms, urban areas and freshwater of our home planet, generating the longest continuous record of its kind.
- Landsat data have contributed to our understanding of Earth in many ways — from measuring the speed of Antarctic glaciers, to tracking the use of water crop fields in the Western US, to monitoring deforestation in the Amazon rainforest.
About LANDSAT 9
- LANDSAT 9 program is a partnership between NASA and Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, north of Sioux Falls.
- The Landsat 9 joins Landsat 8 and these satellites will together collect images of Earth’s surface.
- It will take 8 days to capture the whole Earth.
- The main focus is repeating global observations for monitoring, understanding and managing Earth's natural resources.
- Landsat 9 aboard the two instruments- the Operational Land Imager 2 (OLI-2) and the Thermal Infrared Sensor 2 (TIRS-2).
- OLI-2 is a push broom sensor that can see the light that we can’t see.
- It captures sunlight reflected off Earth’s surface and studies the visible, near-infrared, and short wave infrared portions of the spectrum.
- It is an instrument that has a four-element refractive telescope and photosensitive detectors that capture thermal radiation and help study the Earth’s surface temperature.