National Essential Diagnostic List

  • Category
    Public Health
  • Published
    27th Aug, 2019

Context

India has got its first National Essential Diagnostics List (NEDL) finalised by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)

About

Drug Regulation Framework: In India, diagnostics (medical devices and in vitro diagnostics) follow a regulatory framework based on the drug regulations under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Drugs and Cosmetics Rules 1945. Diagnostics are regulated under the regulatory provisions of the Medical Device Rules, 2017.

National Essential Diagnostics List (NEDL)

  • It is a list that would provide guidance to the government for deciding the kind of diagnostic tests that different healthcare facilities in villages and remote areas require.
  • Although WHO had released first edition of essential diagnostics list (EDL) in May 2018. NEDL has been customised and prepared as per landscape of India’s health care priorities.
  • The list also encompasses tests relevant for new programmes such as Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana.

Significance

Implementation of NEDL would enable improved health care services delivery through evidence-based care, improved patient outcomes and reduction in out-of-pocket expenditure; effective utilisation of public health facilities; effective assessment of disease burden, disease trends, surveillance, and outbreak identification; and address antimicrobial resistance crisis too.

Indian Council of Medical Research

  • The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), New Delhi, the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research, is one of the oldest medical research bodies in the world.
  • The Governing Body of the Council is presided over by the Union Health Minister.
  • The ICMR is funded by the Government of India through the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
  • Mandate
    • Apex body in India for formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research
    • Conduct, coordinate and implement medical research for the benefit  of the Society
    • Translating medical innovations in to products/processes and introducing them in to the public health system.
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