President’s address on ‘Dhammacakka Day 2022’
Art and culture
22nd Jul, 2022
The President of India, Shri Ram NathKovind addressed the Dhammacakka Day 2022 celebrations at Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh.
- Dhammacakka Day 2022, ?sha?haP?r?ima is the second most important sacred day of observance for Buddhists after Vaishakha Buddha P?r?ima.
- It commemorates Buddha's First Sermon or the First Turning of the Wheel of Dhamma, when he taught the Dhammacakka-pavattanaSutta (P?li) or DharmacakrapravartanaS?tra (Sanskrit).
- Seven weeks after his Enlightenment, he gave this discourse to pañcavargiya - the first five ascetic disciples- at the ‘Deer Park', ??ipatanaMrigad?ya in the current day Sarnath, which is in Varanasi.
- It is here that the Buddha taught the Four Noble Truths, the Eightfold Paths and the Middle Path: avoiding the two extremes, i.e., life of extreme indulgence and the life of extreme penance.
- The International Buddhist Confederation, New Delhi has organised Dhammacakka Day 2022 (The Turning of the Wheel of Dharma), ?sha?haP?r?ima on 13 July 2022 in Sarnath, U.P. (India).
International Buddhist Confederation:
- It was formed in 2013 as an international Buddhist umbrella body to serve as a common platform for Buddhists worldwide.
- Headquarters:New Delhi.
- IBC represents the rich diversity of Buddhism and provides a platform for the global Buddhist community to share its wisdom and meaningfully participate in the on-going global social and political discourse, while at the same time preserving and promoting its shared heritage.
- According to the Hindu calendar, Guru Purnima generally falls on a full-moon day in the Hindu month of Ashadh.
- It is dedicated to Maharshi Veda Vyasa, the sage who is believed to have edited the sacred Hindu text, the Vedas and created the 18 Puranas, Mahabharata and the SrimadBhagavatam.
- For Buddhists, the festival marks the first sermon of Lord Buddha, which is said to have been delivered at Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh, on this very day.
- It is also believed to mark the onset of monsoons.