SAANS aims to reduce child mortality due to Pneumonia
26th Nov, 2019
Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare launched SAANS, a campaign aimed at reducing child mortality due to pneumonia.
- SAANS, short for ‘Social Awareness and Action to Neutralise Pneumonia Successfully
- It is launched to mobilise people to protect children from pneumonia, and train health personnel and other stakeholders to provide prioritised treatment to control the disease.
- As per Health Management Information System (HMIS) data, under-five mortality rate in the country is 37 per 1000 live births, of which 5.3 deaths are caused due to pneumonia.
- The government aims to achieve a target of reducing pneumonia deaths among children to less than three per 1,000 live births by 2025
- The HMIS data for 2018-19 ranked Gujarat second in the number of child deaths due to pneumonia, after Madhya Pradesh.
Mandate of the campaign
- Under the campaign, a child suffering from pneumonia can be treated with pre-referral dose of anti-biotic amoxicillin by ASHA workers.
- Health and wellness centres can use pulse oximeter (device to monitor oxygen saturation) to identify low oxygen levels in the blood of a child, and if required, treat him by use of oxygen cylinders.
- A mass awareness campaign will also be launched about the effective solutions for pneumonia prevention like breast feeding, and age appropriate complementary feeding.
- A web portal for home-based child care is also been launched.
Fact Box: All about Pneumonia
- Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. Bacteria, viruses, and fungi cause it.
- The infection causes inflammation in the air sacs in your lungs, which are called alveoli. The alveoli fill with fluid or pus, making it difficult to breathe.
- The germs that cause pneumonia are contagious. This means they can spread from person to person.
- Both viral and bacterial pneumonia can spread to others through inhalation of airborne droplets from a sneeze or cough.
- You can also get these types of pneumonia by coming into contact with surfaces or objects that are contaminated with pneumonia-causing bacteria or viruses.
- Oral antibiotics can treat most cases of bacterial pneumonia.
Types of pneumonia
Pneumonia can also be classified according to where or how it was acquired.
- Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP): This type of bacterial pneumonia is acquired during a hospital stay. It can be more serious than other types, as the bacteria involved may be more resistant to antibiotics.
- Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP): Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) refers to pneumonia that’s acquired outside of a medical or institutional setting.
- Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP): When people who are using a ventilator get pneumonia, it’s called VAP.