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SC tightens Juvenile Justice Act

Published: 14th May, 2024

Context

The Supreme Court has taken steps to strengthen the Juvenile Justice Act (JJA), 2015, by addressing significant gaps in its implementation. These measures aim to streamline procedures for handling legal violations by minors, managed by the Juvenile Justice Board (JJB), and ensure proper adjudication of cases involving minors.

Key Changes and Implications:

  • Definite Timelines for Appeals: The Court has mandated that appeals against JJB decisions must be filed within 30 days, addressing the absence of a defined deadline for such appeals.
  • Clarity in Appellate Process: The Court clarified the appellate process, especially regarding the interchangeability of the "Children’s Court" and "Court of Sessions" mentioned in the Act.
  • Inclusion of Critical Details in Judicial Orders: The Court emphasized the need for judicial orders to include essential information, such as the names of decision-makers and the attendance of involved parties and their legal representatives.

Fact Box: About Juvenile Justice Act (JJA), 2015

  • The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 repealed the JJ Act, 2000.
  • JJA seeks to achieve the objectives of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Children (ratified by India in 1992).
  • The JJ Act, 2015 aims to safeguard the rights of children in need of care and protection, ensuring their safety, well-being, and development within a legal framework that promotes their best interests.
  • It provides for adoption in both in-country as well as intra-country

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