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UN Convention to Combat Desertification’s COP15.

  • Category
    Environment
  • Published
    17th May, 2022

Context

The fifteenth session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD COP 15) has been hosted in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.

About

UN Convention to Combat Desertification COP 15:

  • The COP15 theme, ‘ Life. Legacy: From scarcity to prosperity', is a call to action to ensure land, the lifeline on this planet, continues to benefit present and future generations. ?
  • COP15 brought together leaders from governments, the private sector, civil society and other key stakeholders from around the world to drive progress in the future sustainable management of one of our most precious commodities: ?
  • Land is the bedrock of a healthy, productive society, and COP15 attempted to explore links between land and other key sustainability issues.
  • COP 15 is a key moment in the fight against desertification, land degradation and drought.
  • It was built on the findings of the second edition of the Global Land Outlook and offer a concrete response to the interconnected challenges of land degradation, climate change and biodiversity loss as we step into the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration. ?
  • The new UNCCD 2018-2030 Strategic Framework is the most comprehensive global commitment to achieve Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) in order to restore the productivity of vast expanses of degraded land, improve the livelihoods of more than 1.3 billion people, and reduce the impacts of drought on vulnerable populations to build.

About UNCCD:

  • Established in 1994, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is the sole legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management.
  • The Convention addresses specifically the arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, known as the drylands.
  • The UNCCD is particularly committed to a bottom-up approach, encouraging the participation of local people in combating desertification and land degradation.
  • The UNCCD secretariat facilitates cooperation between developed and developing countries, particularly around knowledge and technology transfer for sustainable land management.
  • Its 197 Parties aim, through partnerships, to implement the Convention and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.
  • The UNCCD collaborates closely with the other two Rio Conventions;
    • the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
    • the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 

Conference of Parties (COP):

  • The COP was established by the Convention as the supreme decision-making body.
  • It comprises ratifying governments and regional economic integration organizations, such as the European Union.
  • The 14th session was held in India. The latest and 15th session is being held in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • It has been meeting biennially since 2001.

Conference of Parties (COP)

Country

Year

COP 1

Rome, Italy

1997

COP 2

Dakar, Senegal

1998

COP 3

Recife, Brazil

1999

COP 4

Bonn, Germany

2000

COP 5

Geneva, Switzerland

2001

COP 6

Havana, Cuba

2003

COP 7

Nairobi, Kenya

2005

COP 8

Madrid, Spain

2007

COP 9

Buenos Aires, Argentina

2009

COP 10

Changwon, South Korea

2011

COP 11

Windhoek, Namibia

2013

COP 12

Ankara, Turkey

2015

COP 13

Ordos, China

2017

COP 14

New Delhi, India

2019

COP 15

Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.

2022

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