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‘Vertical launch- Short Range Surface to Air Missile’ tested by DRDO

  • Category
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    13th Dec, 2021

Context

Recently, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) tested the “vertical launch-short range surface-to-air missile”, successfully.

Key-points

  • India successfully flight-tested the air version of supersonic cruise missile (Vertical Launch Short Range Surface-to-Air Missile VL-SRSAM), BrahMos from a fighter aircraft off the Odisha coast.
  • BrahMos was test-fired from a Sukhoi 30 MK-I aircraft.
  • BrahMos is a Joint Venture between India (DRDO) and Russia (NPOM) for the development, production and marketing of the supersonic cruise missile. 
    • It is a potent offensive missile weapon system already inducted into the tri-services (Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force) of the Indian Armed Forces.

About

About Vertical Launch – Short Range Surface to Air Missile (VL-SRSAM)

  • VL-SRSAM is a quick reaction surface-to-air missile that has been developed by DRDO. 
  • It comprises features like mid-course inertial guidance through fibre-optic gyroscope as well as active radar homing during terminal phase. 
  • Missile has the capability of ‘lock on before launch (LOBL)’ and lock on after launch (LOAL). 
    • As a result, it receives mid-course updates via datalink. 
  • It seeks to replace “Barak 1 surface to air missile system” onboard Indian Navy warships.
  • The 8.4-metre BrahMos missile, the fastest in the world, has a flight range of 450 km (enhanced from 290 km following India's entry in Missile Technology Control Regime) and carries a conventional warhead up to 300 kg. 
  • This BrahMos missile is With high-precision and devastating power, it can cruise at the supersonic speed of Mach 2.8.

Defence Research & Development Organization(DRDO)

  • It is the Research & Development wing of the Ministry of Defence, with a vision to empower India with cutting-edge defence technologies.
  • It was established in 1958 after combining the Technical Development Establishment (TDEs) of the Indian Army and the Directorate of Technical Development & Production (DTDP) with the Defence Science Organization (DSO).
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