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Water management practices dismal in states: Niti Aayog

  • Category
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    3rd Sep, 2019

Second-edition of Niti Aayog’s Comprehensive Water Management Index (CWMI) 2019, released.

Context

Second-edition of Niti Aayog’s Comprehensive Water Management Index (CWMI) 2019, released.

About

  • The Comprehensive Water Management Index (CWMI) by NITI Aayog, which measures the performance of states on a set of water indicators, comes at a time when various states across the country are facing a shortage in groundwater.
  • Even as states are making progress in water management, the overall performance remains well below what is required to adequately tackle India’s water challenges.
  • The states must improve water management practices so that the country can provide its citizens with better quality of life, support economic growth and sustain its ecosystem.
  • The low-performing states, which include Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Delhi, Rajasthan, Nagaland and Meghalaya, collectively account for around 48 per cent of the population, 40 per cent of agricultural produce and 35 per cent of economic output of India.
  • The CWMI measures performance of states on a set of water indicators and nine themes — source augmentation and restoration of water bodies, source augmentation (groundwater), major and medium irrigation, watershed management, participatory irrigation practices, sustainable on-farm water use practices, rural drinking water, urban water supply and sanitation, and policy and governance.
  • Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh continue to demonstrate strong water management practices.
  • On the other hand, out of the 14 low performing states from the ‘15-‘16, only Haryana, Goa, and Telangana have been able to cross the 50-point threshold.
  • Delhi was assessed on the Index for the first time this year.
  • None of the top 10 agricultural producers in India, except Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, scored more than 60 points on the CWMI.
  • The government will work on looking for solutions to desalinate water, make treated water available for industries and work on recharging groundwater.
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