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World Day Against Child Labour

  • Category
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    30th Jun, 2021

The World Day Against Child Labour was observed. Citizens are appealed to report the instances of Child Labour on the PENCIL Portal or by calling on Childline-1098.

Context

The World Day Against Child Labour was observed.

  • Citizens are appealed to report the instances of Child Labour on the PENCIL Portal or by calling on Childline-1098.

About

About the World Day Against Child Labour

  • The day is observed on 12thJune every year around the world.
  • The International LabourOrganization (ILO) launched it in 2002.
  • It is observed to focus attention on the global extent of child labour.
  • Theme: The theme this year is 'Act Now: End Child Labour'.

Platform for Effective Enforcement for No Child Labour (PENCiL) portal 

  • It is an initiative under the Ministry of Labour and Employment.
  • It is an online platform that aims at engaging the Central Government, State Government, District, civil society and the public.
  • It is launched to eradicate child labour to make society free of child labour.
  • This portal enables the citizens to raise a complaint and report incidents of child labour through effective tracking and monitoring mechanism.

Constitutional provisions to protect Children against labour

International conventions against Child Labour

  • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted unanimously by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. This declaration may well be the most important document in international agreements between countries on human rights, including the rights of children.
  • The International Convention on the Rights of the Child (ICRC) recognises the right of every child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing work that is hazardous or harmful to their health and development or that interferes with their education. It also requires governments to set a minimum age for employment and to provide for appropriate hours and conditions of employment.
  • The most concrete international agreements on combating child labour are the conventions of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) concerning the minimum age for the admission to employment and on the prohibition and immediate action for the elimination of the worst forms of Child Labour.
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