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Xenotransplantation

Published: 14th May, 2024

Context

The first recipient of a modified pig kidney transplant (Xenotransplantation) passed away, around two months after the surgery was carried out. However, his death was not linked to the transplant operation.

About Xenotransplantation

  • Xenotransplantation involves transplanting organs or tissues from nonhuman animals into humans to treat various medical conditions.
  • It addresses the shortage of donor organs and aims to save lives by providing alternative sources for transplantation.
  • Xenotransplantation encompasses procedures where live cells, tissues, or organs from nonhuman animals are transplanted into human recipients.

Fact Box: Organ donation in India

  • Organs from deceased donors accounted for nearly 8% of all transplants in 2022 in the country.
  • The number of transplants has increased over the years.
  • The total number of deceased organ transplants climbed from 837 in 2013 to 2,765 in 2022.
  • The total number of organ transplants – with organs from both deceased and living donors – increased from 4,990 in 2013 to 15,561 in 2022.
  • India conducts the third highest number of transplants in the world.
  • Every year, an estimated 1.5-2 lakh people need a kidney transplant. Only around 10,000 got one in 2022. Of the 80,000 people who required a liver transplant, less than 3,000 got one in 2022. And, of the 10,000 who needed a heart transplant.
  • Regulations: Organ donation in India is regulated by the Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Act (THOTA), 1994, which was amended in 2011. 

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