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Researchers identify fungus for pyrene remediation

  • Published
    2nd Aug, 2022
Context

Scientists discovered the fungus, growing on dead plants, causes pyrene degradation using special enzymes.

About
  • Researchers at the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research-Indian Institute of Petroleum (CSIR-IIP), Dehradun, have identified a fungus capable of removing toxic, recalcitrant, and carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from the environment.
  • The rapid pace of economic development and industrialisation has resulted in the release of several PAHs into the environment.
  • The PAHs are ubiquitous environmental pollutants originating from multiple sources, including combustion of petrogenic fossil fuels, and incomplete incineration of municipal wastes and biomass.

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs):

  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of chemicals that occur naturally in coal, crude oil, and gasoline.
  • They result from burning coal, oil, gas, wood, garbage, and tobacco.
  • PAHs can bind to or form small particles in the air.
  • High heat when cooking meat and other foods will form PAHs.
  • Naphthalene is a manmade PAH used in the United States to make other chemicals and mothballs.
  • Cigarette smoke contains many PAHs.

Pyrene:

  • Pyrene, possessing four benzene rings, belongs to the highly toxic class of PAHs, with carcinogenic and mutagenic properties.
  • It gets lodged into the environmental matrices like soil, water and atmosphere, resulting in widespread environmental pollution, necessitating adequate remediation of contaminated environmental matrices.

New fungus:

  • A white-rot fungus Trametesmaxima IIPLC-32 has the potential to causemicrobial degradation of pyrene.
  • According to researchers, growing on dead plants, this fungus causes pyrene degradation using special enzymes.

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