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5th April 2024 (10 Topics)

Russian Oil Price Cap

Context

US is urging India to maintain the implementation of the oil price cap aimed at limiting profits to Russia, while also promoting stable global energy markets.

1: Dimension- Price Cap and Objective

  • Following Russia's invasion of Ukraine, the G7 nations, the European Union, and Australia jointly implemented a price cap.
  • The price cap is helping maintain a steady supply of energy to global consumers and businesses, and providing key importers like India with more leverage to drive steeper bargains.
  • At the same time, the price cap, along with key sanctions enforcement measures, is reducing Russia’s profits from selling that oil.
  • India, which was the top buyer of Russian oil in 2023, has been heavily criticised for its continued purchase of discounted oil from Moscow.

2: Dimension- Impact of price caps

The imposition of price caps due to Western sanctions on Russian oil significantly impacts India's oil trade with Russia in several ways:

  • Supply Disruption and Dependency Concerns: Price caps may disrupt the steady supply of crude oil to India, which heavily relies on imports to meet its energy needs.
  • Economic Impact and Trade Relations: It could lead to increased prices for Indian importers, resulting in higher costs for refining and production. This may strain India's trade relations with Russia, as the country seeks cost-effective energy sources to sustain its economic growth and development.
  • Diversification Efforts and Strategic Considerations: It may prompt India to accelerate its efforts to diversify its oil imports, reducing reliance on Russian oil and exploring alternative markets.
  • Impact on Bilateral Cooperation: The imposition of price caps could affect bilateral cooperation between India and Russia in the energy sector, potentially leading to renegotiations of existing agreements and contracts.
  • Global Energy Market Dynamics: It can contribute to volatility in the global energy market, affecting oil prices and supply chains worldwide.

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