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The Artemis programme, NASA’s new moon mission

  • Published
    25th Mar, 2022
Context

Recently NASA rolled out its Artemis I moon mission to the launch pad for testing at the Kennedy Space Centre in Florida, United States.

About

About NASA’s Artemis mission:

  • NASA’s Artemis mission is touted as the next generation of lunar exploration, and is named after the twin sister of Apollo from Greek mythology.
  • Artemis is also the goddess of the moon.
  • NASA's Artemis program aims to put astronauts on the moon's South Pole in 2024.
  • The program is part of an international effort to build a sustainable human presence on the lunar surface
  • Artemis I is the first of NASA’s deep space exploration systems.
  • It is an uncrewed space mission where the spacecraft will launch on SLS, the most powerful rocket in the world.
  • It will travel 2,80,000 miles from the earth for over four to six weeks during the course of the mission. 
  • The Orion spacecraft is going to remain in space without docking to a space station, longer than any ship for astronauts has ever done before.
  • The SLS rocket has been designed for space missions beyond the low-earth orbit and can carry crew or cargo to the moon and beyond.
  • The learnings from the Artemis programme will be utilised to send the first astronauts to Mars.

About National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA):

  • The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
  • Established under the National Aeronautics and Space Act 1958
  • Headquarters: Washington, DC, USA
  • Objectives of NASA:
    • To expand human knowledge of space
    • To lead the world in space-related technological innovation
    • To develop vehicles that can carry both equipment and living organisms into space
    • To coordinate with international space agencies to achieve the greatest possible scientific advancements.
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