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Threat of anti-microbial resistance

  • Published
    6th Nov, 2023

Context:

India’s States should ensure greater compliance on air pollution.

Addressing Global Health Challenges

  • Delhi Declaration: The Delhi Declaration during India's G20 presidency highlighted the commitment to fortify the global health architecture through the One Health approach.
  • Global and Local Strategies to Combat AMR: G20 nations could champion international funding mechanisms aimed at enhancing AMR research and development.
  • National Initiatives: India has implemented a National Action Plan on AMR, emphasizing surveillance and research, particularly the inter-connections between human, animal, plant health, and the environment.

Proactive Global Health Measures

  • AMR Action Plans: At a global level, there's an urgent need for creating regional AMR action plans, focusing on developing nations and their specific regional needs.
  • Focus on AMR Research and Development: Efforts to facilitate patent reforms and considering models like the Medicines Patent Pool are essential for effective collaboration.
  • Promoting Responsible Citizen Behaviour: The expansion of monitoring networksand the promotion of responsible behaviour among citizens to curb antibiotic misuse are crucial. Involvement of academia and civil society organizations (CSOs) in raising awareness and advocating for policy changes remains pivotal.

Severity of the Issue

  • Lancet Report:A Lancet report illustrated the severity of the issue, linking millions of deaths to bacterial AMR, signifying its magnitude as equivalent to diseases like HIV and malaria.
  • Susceptible regions:Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia were identified as highly susceptible regions, indicating the severe repercussions of AMR on low and middle-income countries.
  • Global Cooperation in Tackling AMR: The efforts of various countries like Indonesia, Australia, Brazil, the UK, and the US in addressing AMR call for a concerted effortsimilar to the one against COVID-19, urging India to lead by example in reducing the burden of AMR.
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