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21st March 2022 (6 Topics)

A postal cover to honour the vanishing Cholanaikkan tribe


The Postal department will honour the primitive tribe by releasing a special cover in association with the Forest and Wildlife department.


About the Cholanaikkans:

  • The Cholanaikkans are an ethnic group of India.
  • They primarily inhabit the southern Kerala State, especially Silent Valley National Park, and are one of the last remaining hunter-gatherer tribes of the region.
  • Cholanaikkans live in the deciduous forests of Nilambur are the only tribal community in Asia that lives in rock-cave shelters
  • They live in rock shelters called Kallulai (Kallu means rock, aalai means ‘cave’) or in open campsites made of leaves.
  • The Cholanaikkans speak the Cholanaikkan language, which belongs to the Dravidian family.
  • These people from the tribal colonies of Mancheeri, Poochappara, Mannala, Karimpuzha and Kuppam Mala still live on fruits, berries and meat and do not engage in farming.
  • Cholanaikkans are a diminishing tribe of India.
  • With a population of less than 200 members, this tribe living in the reserved forests about 80 km from Kozhikode, it is one of the most isolated tribes
  • The Cholanaikkan tribe is classified as Primitive Tribal Group by Government of India.

About Nilambur:

  • Nilamber is located in the Malappuram district of the Indian state of Kerala.
  • It is located close to the Nilgiris range of the Western Ghats on the banks of the Chaliyar River.
  • This place is also known as 'Teak Town' because of the abundance of Nilambur teaks in this area.
  • It is a variety of a large, deciduous tree that occurs in mixed hardwood forests. 
  • The bank of river Chaliyar at Nilambur region is also known for natural Gold fields.
  • Explorations done at the valley of the river Chaliyar in Nilambur has shown reserves of the order of 2.5 million cubic meters of placers with 0.1 gram per cubic meter of gold.
  • The hilly forested area of Nilambur Taluk forms a portion of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve of rich biodiversity.

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