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31st October 2023 (8 Topics)

AI safety summit


Recently, the US President Joe Biden has issued an order to set rules for artificial intelligence (AI). This move follows the UK Prime Minister's AI Safety Summit, showing a global effort to regulate AI.

About the order:

  • USA has signed an order using the Defense Production Act, usually reserved for emergencies like the Covid-19 pandemic, to regulate AI companies.
  • This requires them to inform the government about technologies affecting national security and share safety test results.
  • The order also calls for Congress to pass privacy legislation and provides guidelines to prevent AI from causing discrimination.
  • It encourages AI use in education, although specific details are not provided.
  • The administration aims to build a strong international framework for AI, consulting with countries like India, the EU, the UK, Japan, and more, aligning with global efforts in AI regulation.

India’s effort for AI regulation:

  • With the G20 Summit to be held in New Delhi, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s call for a global framework on the expansion of “ethical” artificial intelligence (AI) tools aims at taking a leadership position on the evolving debate over the need for convergence amongst all countries on regulating sectors such as AI and cryptocurrencies.
  • Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) in July, which said that the Centre should set up a domestic statutory authority to regulate AI in India through the lens of a “risk-based framework”, while also calling for collaborations with international agencies and governments of other countries for forming a global agency for the “responsible use” of AI.

Tech major ‘Microsoft’, which has a stake in OpenAI, had floated a blueprint for AI governance in India.

Present Regulations for AI in India:

  • Information Technology Act, 2000: The Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act) serves as the fundamental legislation governing electronic transactions and digital governance.
    • Although it does not explicitly mention AI, specific provisions within the Act are applicable to AI-related activities.
    • Section 43A of the IT Act enables compensation in case of a breach of data privacy resulting from negligent handling of sensitive personal information.
    • This provision is particularly relevant in the context of AI systems that process user data. Another provision is Section 73A of this act.
  • National e-Governance Plan: The National e-Governance Plan aims to digitally empower Indian society by providing online government services.
    • AI plays a vital role in enhancing the efficiency and accessibility of e-governance. Various government departments have integrated AI systems to automate processes, improve decision-making, and enhance citizen services.
  • AIRAWAT: Recently, NITI Aayog (planning commission of India) also launched AIRAWAT, which stands for AI Research, Analytics, and Knowledge Assimilation platform.
    • It considers all the necessary requirements of AI in India.

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