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13th August 2022 (9 Topics)

13th August 2022

QUIZ - 13th August 2022

5 Questions

5 Minutes

Mains Question:

Q1. “Despite being a country that has the legacy of diversity of languages, India is witnessing threat to its language diversity.” In the light of this statement, discuss policy measures required to conserve diversity in language to further enhance cultural diversity. (250 words)


  • Introduction- language diversity in India
  • Language policy of India 
  • Discuss role/significance of language
    • preservation of cultural heritage and identity
    • cultural wealth
    • important role in shaping our, feelings, emotions and thought-processes
    • repository of a community’s collective history and heritage
    • provides an identity and a focus that binds a community together
  • Highlight threats faced by languages
    • Abandoning the mother tongues
    • Cultural, political, or economic alienation
    • Urbanization 
  • Measures taken by government to protect the language
    • Scheme for Protection and Preservation of Endangered Languages (SPPEL)
    • National Education Policy and use of the mother tongue
    • List out important Constitutional provisions
  • Required measures 
    • encourage the use of mother-tongue as much as possible
    • increase familiarity with the language 
    • promote mutual understanding and cooperation
  • Conclude accordingly 



World Population Prospects (WPP), 2022, forecasts India becoming the most populous country by 2023, surpassing China, with a 140-crore population. The UN’s Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division releases World Population Prospect (biennial cycle). As per the latest WPP, India will reach 150 crores by 2030 and 166 crores by 2050.

How much change has occurred in the demographic structure of India?

  • There has been a sea of changes in the population structure of India. India at the time of Independence in 1947 had a population of 34 crores. Presently India has 17.5% of the world’s population. We are presently in stage 3 of demographic transition and experiencing a slowing growth rate due to constant low mortality and rapidly declining fertility.
  • Decline in Total Fertility Rate (TFR): According to the National Family Health Survey total fertility rate (TFR) has slipped to two, below the replacement level of fertility (2.1 children per woman). TFR was reported at 6 at the time of independence. Despite this we are will be growing for the next three to four decades.
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