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24th August 2022 (6 Topics)

Indigenous Vertical Launch Short Range surface-to-air missile


Defence Research and Development Organisation and Indian Navy successfully flight tested Vertical Launch Short Range Surface to Air Missile (VL-SRSAM) recently.


Vertical Launch Short Range Surface to Air Missile (VL-SRSAM):

  • VL-SRSAM is a canisterised system, which means it is stored and operated from specially designed compartments.
  • In the canister, the inside environment is controlled thus making its transport and storage easier and improving the shelf life of weapons.
  • It is jointly designed by three facilities of the DRDO for Indian Naval warships, is meant for neutralising various aerial threats at close ranges including sea-skimming targets.
  • The VL-SRSAM system has been designed to strike high-speed airborne targets at the range of 40 to 50 km and at an altitude of around 15 km. 
  • Its design is based on the Astra missile, which is a Beyond Visual Range Air to Air missile.
  • Two key features of the VL-SRSAM are cruciform wings and thrust vectoring.
  • The cruciform wings are four small wings arranged like a cross on four sides and give the projective a stable aerodynamic posture.
  • The thrust vectoring is an ability to change the direction of the thrust from its engine controls the angular velocity and the attitude of the missile.


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