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28th July 2022 (8 Topics)

Lok Sabha passes bill to create a statutory framework for Anti-doping watchdog


The Lok Sabha recently passed a Bill that seeks to create a statutory framework for the National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA).


The National Anti-Doping Bill, 2021:

  • The Bill provides for a statutory framework for the operation of National Anti-Doping Agency, the National Dope Testing Laboratory and other dope testing laboratories and creation of a National Board for Anti-Doping in sport for carrying out and regulating anti-doping activities in sports in the country.
  • The Bill gives effect to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisaton (UNESCO) international convention against doping in sport.

Highlights of the Bill

  • The Bill prohibits athletes, athlete support personnel, and other persons from engaging in doping in sport.
  • Currently, anti-doping rules are implemented by the National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA), which was established as a society.
  • The Bill provides for constituting NADA as a statutory body headed by a Director General appointed by the central government.
  • Functions of the Agency include planning, implementing and monitoring anti-doping activities, and investigating anti-doping rule violations.
  • The National Board for Anti-Doping in Sports will be established to make recommendations to the government on anti-doping regulations and compliance with international commitments on anti-doping.
  • The Board will oversee the activities of NADA and issue directions to it.
  • The Board will constitute a National Anti-Doping Disciplinary Panel for determining consequences of anti-doping rule violations.
  • Further, the Board will constitute a National Anti-Doping Appeal Panel to hear appeals against decisions of the Disciplinary Panel.

World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA):

  • The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) was established in 1999 as an international independent agency composed and funded by the sport movement and governments of the world.
  • The Conference resulted in the Lausanne Declaration on Doping in Sport – a document that provided for the creation of an independent international anti-doping agency.
  • WADA is recognised by the UNESCO International Convention against Doping in Sport (2005).
  • WADA’s primary role is to develop, harmonise, and coordinate anti-doping regulations across all sports and countries. 
  • It does so by ensuring proper implementation of the World Anti-Doping Code (WADA Code) and its standards, conducting investigations into doping incidents, conducting research on doping, and educating sportspersons and related personnel on anti-doping regulations.

National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA):

  • NADA was established as an autonomous body under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in November, 2009.
  • Functions of NADA include:
    • implementing anti-doping rules as per World Anti-Doping Code,
    • regulating doping control programme,
    • conducting dope tests, and
    • authorising penalties in case of any violations
  • India does not have an anti-doping law.

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