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22nd June 2024 (10 Topics)

Mugger or marsh crocodile (Crocodylus plasutris)

Context

A 5-foot long mugger and a number of turtles, died after a fire engulfed vegetation along a reservoir in central Gujarat’s Kheda district earlier this week.

About

  • It is a medium-sized broad-snouted crocodilenative to freshwater habitats.
  • The species feeds on insects, fish, reptiles, birds, and mammals. 
  • Mugger crocodiles are covered under Schedule Iof the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • Since 1982, the species has been marked ‘vulnerable’in the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species. 

India is home to three primary species of crocodile:

  • Mugger or Marsh Crocodile (Crocodyluspalustris)is found in lakes and rivers throughout the country.
  • Saltwater crocodile (porosus)is found along the eastern coast of the country and the Nicobar and Andaman Islands.
  • Gharial (Gavialisgangeticus)is found in river areas.

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