What's New :
ITS 2025: Integrated Test Series & Mentorship Program for Prelims and Mains. Get Details
22nd June 2024 (10 Topics)

Uttar Pradesh leads in compressed biogas potential

Context

Uttar Pradesh holds a remarkable position in India's renewable energy landscape, with the potential to generate 24 percent of the nation’s compressed biogas (CBG), according to a report by the Delhi-based think tank Centre for Science and Environment (CSE).

Key-highlights of the Symposium

  • CBG Potential: Uttar Pradesh could potentially install 1,000 CBG projects from the 5,000 plants envisioned nationwide under the Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation scheme.
  • Feedstock Availability: Western UP, particularly Muzaffarnagar, Meerut, Saharanpur, Bijnor, Bulandshahar, and Aligarh, is rich in feedstock availability and houses the majority of the state’s functional and upcoming CBG plants.
  • Supportive Policies: Uttar Pradesh has an ambitious bioenergy policy, allocating Rs 750 crore (2022-27) for CBG, while providing subsidies, land for lease, and other incentives.

Reason behind UP’s significant growth

  • Potential and Policies: Uttar Pradesh's significant potential for CBG production is supported by its bioenergy policy, which includes financial incentives and infrastructural support.
  • Feedstock Abundance: The state’s agricultural and industrial landscape offers abundant feedstock, essential for CBG production.
  • Strategic Location: Proximity to feedstock sources and existing CBG plants facilitates the state’s leadership in this sector.

Challenges Faced

  • Limited Offtake of Bioslurry: Bioslurry, a by-product of CBG production, is often viewed as a disposal problem rather than a revenue source.
  • Partial Gas Offtake: Oil and gas marketing companies' inconsistent purchasing leaves many plants operating below capacity.
  • Lack of Skilled Personnel: Operational inefficiencies stem from a shortage of trained technical personnel in biogas systems.
  • Financing Difficulties: Banks are hesitant to finance CBG projects due to perceived risks and low margins, requiring high collateral and offering high interest rates.
Required Measures
  • Enhanced Awareness and Utilization of Bioslurry: Educate farmers and other stakeholders about the benefits of bioslurry to transform it into a valuable resource.
  • Consistent Gas Purchasing: Establish agreements with oil and gas companies to ensure consistent offtake of CBG, improving plant viability.
  • Training Centres for CBG Operations: Establish dedicated training centres to develop skilled personnel for the biogas sector.
  • Government-Backed Financing: Introduce a government-backed guarantee programme to ease financing hurdles and encourage investment in CBG projects.
  • Diversification of Feedstock Sources: Encourage the use of varied feedstock sources, including liquid effluents like spent wash from distilleries, to enhance sustainability.
Bio-gas
  • Bio-gas is produced naturally through a process of anaerobic decomposition from waste / bio-mass sources like agriculture residue, cattle dung, sugarcane press mud, municipal solid waste, sewage treatment plant waste, etc.
  • After purification, Bio-Gas is compressed and called CBG, which has pure methane content of over 95%.
Compressed Bio-Gas
  • Compressed Bio-Gas is exactly similar to the commercially available natural gas in its composition and energy potential.
  • With calorific value (~52,000 KJ/kg) and other properties similar to CNG, Compressed Bio-Gas can be used as an alternative, renewable automotive fuel.
  • Given the abundance of biomass in the country, Compressed Bio-Gas has the potential to replace CNG in automotive, industrial and commercial uses in the coming years.
  • Compressed Bio-Gas can be produced from various bio-mass/waste sources, including agricultural residue, municipal solid waste, sugarcane press mud, distillery spent wash, cattle dung and sewage treatment plant waste. The other waste streams, i.e, rotten potatoes from cold storages, rotten vegetables, dairy plants, chicken/poultry litter, food waste, horticulture waste, forestry residues and treated organic waste from industrial effluent treatment plants (ETPs) etc.
Mains Practice Question

Q: “Discuss the potential and challenges of compressed biogas (CBG) production in Uttar Pradesh, and suggest measures to overcome these challenges to maximize the state’s bioenergy capabilities.”

Verifying, please be patient.

Enquire Now