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3rd February 2024 (9 Topics)

PM rooftop solar scheme

Context

Renewed thrust to increase adoption of household rooftop solar systems (h-RTS) via the Pradhan Mantri Suryoday Yojana.

About

About the Scheme:

  • Rooftop solar panels are photovoltaic panels installed on the roof of a building that is connected to the main power supply unit.
  • It reduces the consumption of grid-connected electricity and saves electricity costs for the consumer.
  • Surplus solar power units generated from the rooftop solar plant can be exported to the grid as per the metering provisions.
  • The consumer can receive monetary benefits for the surplus exported power as per the prevailing regulations

Related Government Initiatives:

  • In 2014, the government launched the Rooftop Solar Programme that aimed to achieve a cumulative installed capacity of 40,000 megawatts (MW) or 40 gigawatts (GW) by 2022.
  • However, this target could not be achieved. As a result, the government extended the deadline from 2022 to 2026.
  • According to some reports, the Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana seems to be an attempt to help reach the target of 40 GW rooftop solar capacity.

India’s Solar Capacity

  • Rooftop Solar Capacity:
    • Total rooftop solar installed capacity is around 11.08 GW as of December 2023.
    • Gujarat tops the list with 2.8 GW, followed by Maharashtra by 1.7 GW.
    • According to a recent report by Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), only 20% of rooftop solar capacity installations are in the residential sector, with the majority in commercial and industrial sectors.
    • The report suggests that India's 25 crore households could deploy 637 GW of solar energy on rooftops, and just one-third of this could meet the entire residential electricity demand in the country.
  • ·Total Installed Capacity:
    • According to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy solar power installed capacity in India has reached around 73.31 GW as of December 2023.
    • In terms of total solar capacity, Rajasthan is at the top with 18.7 GW. Gujarat is at the second position with 10.5 GW.
    • When it comes to rooftop solar capacity, Gujarat tops the list with 2.8 GW, followed by Maharashtra by 1.7 GW.

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