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39th World Heritage Site of India declared

  • Category
    History & Culture
  • Published
    2nd Aug, 2021

Context

Rudreswara Temple, (also known as the Ramappa Temple), Telangana has been inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage list. It was the only nomination for the UNESCO World Heritage site tag for the year 2019.

About

A brief description of Rudreswara (Ramappa)Temple

  • The Rudreswara temple was constructed in 1213 AD.
  • It is also known as ‘Thousand Pillar Temple’.
  • It was constructed under the reign of the Kakatiya Empire by RecharlaRudra, a general of Kakatiya king Ganapati Deva.
  • The Ramappa temple is named after its architect, Ramappa who executed the work in the temple for 40 years.
  • The presiding deity here is RamalingeswaraSwamy.
  • The triple shrine (Trikutalayam) is dedicated to Vishnu, Shiva, and Surya.
  • The temple stands on a 6 feet high star-shaped platform.
  • The walls, pillars, and ceilings adorned with intricate carvings attest to the unique skill of the Kakatiyan sculptors.
  • The temple was called the "brightest star in the galaxy of medieval temples of the Deccan" by European travelers.
  • The building features are decorated beams and pillars of carved granite and dolerite with a distinctive and pyramidal Vimana (horizontally stepped tower).
  • Walls are made of lightweight porous bricks, so-called ‘floating bricks’, which reduced the weight of the roof structures.
  • The temple’s sculptures are of high artistic quality which illustrates regional dance customs and Kakatiyan culture.
  • It is located at the foothills of the forested area amidst agricultural fields, close to the shores of the RamappaCheruvu, a Kakatiya-built water reservoir.

Kakatiya Dynasty

  • Kakatiyas is an Andhra dynasty that flourished in the 12th century CE. 
  • The Kakatiya dynasty ruled from Warangal (Telangana) from CE 1083-1323.
  • They are known for the construction of a network of tanksfor irrigation and drinking water that is under restoration by the Telangana government under ‘Mission Kakatiya’.
  • Hundreds of Hindu temples were built under the patronage of Kakatiya kings such as Ganapati Deva, Rudrama Devi, and Prataparudra of the Kakatiya dynasty.
  • Golconda Fort in Hyderabadwas also constructed by Kakatiya rulers.
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