Centre approves project to connect pillars of Criminal Justice system
Polity & Governance
24th Feb, 2022
The Centre approved the implementation of Phase II of the Inter-Operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) project by the Ministry of Home Affairs.
What is Criminal Justice System?
- Criminal justice system refers to the structure, functions, and decision or processes of agencies that deal with the crime prevention, investigation, prosecution, punishment and correction.
- In a democratic country the Constitution guarantees certain basic rights and liberties to the people while criminal justice administration protects them by enforcing laws and punishing the offenders.
- The major four components of the criminal justice system, viz.
- Legislature (Parliament)
- Enforcement (police)
- Adjudication (courts)
- Corrections Services (prisons, community facilities)
Inter-Operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS):
- Inter-Operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) is a national platform for enabling integration of the main IT system used for delivery of Criminal Justice in the country by five pillars namely:-
- Police (Crime and Criminal Tracking and Network Systems),
- e-Forensics for Forensic Labs,
- e-Courts for Courts,
- e-Prosecution for Public Prosecutors
- e-Prisons for Prisons
- The project will be implemented as a Central Sector Scheme at a total of 3,375 crore rupees.
- The phase two of the ICJS project will be a step towards ensuring effective and modern policing.
- In Phase-I of the ICJS project, individual IT systems have been implemented and stabilized; also search of records have been enabled on these systems.
- Under Phase-II, the system is being built on the principle of ‘one data one entry’ whereby data is entered only once in one pillar and the same is then available in all other pillars without the need to re-enter the data in each pillar.
- Implementing Agency:National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) will be responsible for the implementation of the project in association with the National Informatics Center (NIC).
- The project will be implemented in collaboration with the States and Union Territories.
- The ICJS system would be made available through a dedicated and secure cloud-based infrastructure with high speed connectivity.