Centre notifies India’s 31st elephant reserve in Tamil Nadu
Ecology and Environment
19th Aug, 2022
Government announced one more elephant reserve (ER) in the country in Tamil Nadu.
Important facts on Elephant
- The Indian elephant Elephas maximusoccurs in the central and southern Western Ghats, North-east India, eastern India and northern India and in some parts of southern peninsular India.
- It is included in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES).
- Indian Elephant has also been listed in the Appendix I of the Convention of the Migratory species in the recently concluded Conference of Parties of CMS 13 in Gujarat in 2020.
- It occurs in 16 of the 28 states in the country and is showing an increasing trend across its distributional range.
- According to the latest elephant census conducted in 2017, the population of elephants in India has reached up to about 27,312.
- According to the 2017 census, Karnataka had the highest number of elephants (6,049), followed by Assam (5,719) and Kerala (3,054).
- Project Elephantwas launched by the Government of India in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with following objectives:
- To protect elephants, their habitat & corridors
- To address issues of man-animal conflict
- Welfare of captive elephants
- The Project is being mainly implemented in 16 States / UTs , viz. Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.
- The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change provides the financial and technical support to major elephant range states in the country through Project Elephant.
About New Reserve:
- The new reserve will be spread over an area of 1,197 square kilometres in
- This will be the 31st ER in the country after Singphan ER in Nagaland was notified in 2018.
World Elephant Day
- World Elephant Day (August 12)is an international annual event, dedicated to the preservation and protection of the world's elephants.
- Objective: To create awareness on elephant conservation, and to share knowledge and positive solutions for the better protection and management of wild and captive elephants.
- The current population estimates indicate that there are about 50,000 - 60000 Asian elephants in the world.
- More than 60% of the population is held in India.
- Elephant is the Natural Heritage Animal of India and India also celebrates this day to spread awareness towards conservation of the species.