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India now has 212 indigenous livestock breeds after ICAR-NBAGR registers 10 new ones

Published: 20th Jan, 2023

Context

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has registered 10 new breeds of livestock species, including cattle, buffalo, goat and pig in last one year.

About

  • The registration was done by ICAR-National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR).
  • The process involves identification and surveying of these breeds through visits to the native areas. 
  • This has taken the total number of indigenous breeds to 212.
  • The 10 new breeds includes:
    • Three new cattle breeds (Kathani, Sanchori, Masilum),
    • One buffalo breed (Purnathadi),
    • Three goat breeds (Sojat, Karauli, Gujari) and
    • Three pig breeds (Banda, Manipuri Black, Wak Chambil). 
  • Since 2010, this is the third highest increase in registration of indigenous breeds, after 15 new breeds in 2018-19 and 13 new breeds in 2019-20 were recorded.
  • In 2010, there were only 129 indigenous breeds registered, called ‘extant breeds’.

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR):

  • The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) was established on 16 July 1929 as a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
  • It is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India.
  • It is headquartered at New Delhi.
  • It is the apex body for coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country.
  • The ICAR has played a pioneering role in ushering Green Revolution and subsequent developments in agriculture in India through its research and technology development that has enabled the country to increase the production of food grains by 5.6 times, horticultural crops by 10.5 times, fish by 16.8 times, milk by 10.4 times and eggs by 52.9 times since 1950-51 to 2017-18.
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