Indian Peacekeeping Forces
11th Apr, 2019
India has evacuated its entire contingent of peacekeeping forces comprising of 15 CRPF personnel from Tripoli, Libya (North Africa) after the situation there "suddenly worsened".
More on news
- Eastern Libyan Army Commander Khalifa Haftar ordered his forces, the Libyan National Army (LNA), to take over Tripoli — the capital of the United Nations-backed government (Government of National Accord) — amid reports of escalating political tension in the country.
- In response the army aligned to Libya's United Nations-backed government announced a counteroffensive and vowed to reclaim all areas seized by Libyan National Army
- The US military had also temporarily pulled some of its forces out of Libya amid the escalating political tension in the North African country.
- The United Nations Charter gives the United Nations Security Council the power and responsibility to take collective action to maintain international peace and security.
- Most of these operations are established and implemented by the United Nations itself, with troops serving under UN operational control. In these cases, peacekeepers remain members of their respective armed forces, and do not constitute an independent "UN army," as the UN does not have such a force.
- In cases where direct UN involvement is not considered appropriate or feasible, the Council authorizes regional organizations such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Economic Community of West African States, or coalitions of willing countries to undertake peacekeeping or peace-enforcement tasks.
- Department of Peacekeeping Operations’s highest level doctrine document, is "United Nations Peacekeeping Operations: Principles and Guidelines".
- Peacekeepers monitor and observe peace processes in post-conflict areas and assist ex-combatants in implementing the peace agreements they may have signed.
- Such assistance comes in many forms, including confidence-building measures, power-sharing arrangements, electoral support, strengthening the rule of law, and economic and social development.
- Accordingly, UN peacekeepers (often referred to as Blue Berets or Blue Helmets because of their light blue berets or helmets) can include soldiers, police officers, and civilian personnel.
- So far India has taken part in 43 Peacekeeping missions with a total contribution exceeding 180,000 troops and a significant number of police personnel having been deployed.
- In 2014 India is the third largest troop contributor [TCC] with 7,860 personnel deployed with ten UN Peacekeeping Missions of which 995 are police personnel, including the first Female Formed Police Unit under the UN.
- Recently Indian Peacekeepers were lauded by the UN for their efforts in preventing a carnage in the South Sudan conflict which resulted in the death of two of its soldiers.
State of Libya
- Libya, officially the State of Libya, (largest city and capital, Tripoli) is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the south-west, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the north-west.
- Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, and is the 16th largest country in the world.
- Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world.
- Libya became independent as a kingdom in 1951 and bloodless military coup by Muammar Gaddafi in 1969 overthrew King Idris I.
- Muammar Gaddafi ruled the country from 1969 and the Libyan Cultural Revolution in 1973 until he was overthrown and killed in the 2011 Libyan Civil War.
- Chaos-ridden Libya has emerged as a major transit point for people trying to reach Europe and more than 700,000 migrants have reached Italy by boat since 2013.
- Libya is a member of the United Nations (since 1955), the Non-Aligned Movement, the Arab League, the OIC and OPEC.
- Resulting from years-long civil conflict, Libya has no single government currently, with Libyan National Army (LNA) backing the Tobruk-based parliament which governs the East of Libya, and the Government of National Accord (GNA) which controls Libya's western parts from Tripoli.