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IPCC Sixth Assessment Report

Published: 23rd Mar, 2023

Context

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released the final final report of the sixth assessment cycle.

Findings of the report:

  • Climate change is a threat to human well-being and planetary health and there is a rapidly closing window of opportunity to secure a liveable and sustainable future for all.
  • Human activities have ‘unequivocally’ caused global warming. This has warmed the land and oceans by 1.1°C as observed for the period of 2011-2020, compared with the period 1850-1900.

About IPCC:

  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the international body for assessing the science related to climate change.
  • The IPCC was set up in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  • It aims to provide policymakers with regular assessments of the scientific basis of climate change, its impacts and future risks, and options for adaptation and mitigation.
  • Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) announced by countries till October 2021 make it likely that warming will exceed 1.5°C during the 21st century and make it harder to limit warming below 2°C.
  • To achieve the 1.5°C goal with 50 per cent likelihood, we need rapid and deep GHG emissions reductions in all sectors this decade.
  • Climate justice is crucial because those who have contributed least to climate change are being disproportionately affected,

About the report:

  • This report is the final report of the sixth assessment cycle of the UN panel.
  • It is a summary of the 5 earlier reports released between 2018 and 2022.
  • Through its multiple assessment cycles beginning 1990, the IPCC has collated and analysed research by scientists on global warming, the long-term climate impact from current and future emissions and what people can do about it.
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