Samagra Shiksha Scheme for School Education to be continued from 2021 to 2026
Polity & Governance
10th Aug, 2021
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved the continuation of the revised Samagra Shiksha Scheme for a period of five years i.e., from 2021-22 to 2025-26.
About the scheme
- The Samagra Shiksha scheme is an integrated scheme for school education which covers education from pre-school to class XII.
- Launched by: Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education.
- Launched in 2018, it subsumed the Centrally Sponsored Schemes of SarvaShikshaAbhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), and Teacher Education (TE).
- The scheme treats school education by Sustainable Development Goal for Education (SDG-4).
- The scheme supports the implementation of the RTE Act and is aligned with the recommendations of NEP 2020.
- The scheme covers 1.16 million schools, over 156 million students, and 5.7 million Teachers of Govt. and Aided schools (from pre-primary to senior secondary level).
Implementation of the Scheme
- State level: It is implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme through a single State Implementation Society (SIS) at the State level.
- National level: At the National level, there is a Governing Council/Body headed by the Minister of Education and a Project Approval Board (PAB) headed by the Secretary, Department of School Education and Literacy.
- The scheme ensures that all children have access to quality education.
Major interventions under the scheme
- Major Interventions: The major interventions proposed under the scheme are:
- Universal Access including Infrastructure Development and Retention
- Foundational Literacy and Numeracy
- Gender and Equity
- Inclusive Education
- Quality and Innovation
- Financial support for Teacher Salary
- Digital initiatives
- RTE Entitlements including uniforms, textbooks, etc.
- Support for ECCE
- Vocational Education
- Sports and Physical Education
- Strengthening of Teacher Education and Training
- Program Management
- National Component
Literacy in India
- According to the 2011 Census, any person aged seven and above and who has the ability to read and write is considered literate.
- The average literacy rate in India stands at 74.04%.
- While Kerala has the highest literacy rate in India at 93.91%, Bihar has the least literacy rate in India of 63.82%.
- The Ministry Of Home Affairs conducts a census every 10 years in India.
- The Mid Day Meal Scheme, SamagraShikshaProgramme, Awareness campaigns and RTE Act are some of the measures of Indian Government to improve education.