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Published: 19th Apr, 2024

S. No.





Greenwashing is a marketing technique that deceives the public into believing that a company's products, policies, or aims are environmentally friendly. It's also known as green sheen, and is a combination of the words "whitewash" and "green".


Grasshopper Effect

The grasshopper effect, also known as global distillation, is a geochemical process that transports certain chemicals from warmer to colder regions of the Earth.


Prepaid Payment Instrument (PPI)

A prepaid payment instrument (PPI) is a digital payment solution that allows users to store money electronically and use it for a variety of transactions, including online shopping, bill payments, and money transfers. PPIs can be used to purchase goods and services at a group of merchant locations that have a contract with the issuer to accept PPIs as payment instruments. PPIs can be issued as cards or wallets.


RCS (Rich Communication System)

RCS (Rich Communications Services or Suite) provides customers with voice and SMS services such as, instant messaging, files sharing, or live video over a network to provide a more effective communication experience.


Blue Holes

Blue holes are large, underwater sinkholes or caves characterized by their deep blue color and unique ecosystem. These formations typically occur in coastal regions or in underwater cave systems. Over time, blue holes form as limestone or other soluble rock erodes, creating a depression or cavity that extends below the water surface.



Wokeism is a set of theories that revolve around gender, race, and identity. It is a promotion of liberal progressive ideology and policy as a way of expressing sensitivity to systemic prejudices and injustices.


Star Campaigner

A star campaigner is a celebrity vote seeker in an election for a party. This person can be anyone, a politician or even a film star.

A ‘recognised’ National or State party declared as such by the ECI can nominate a maximum of 40 star campaigners.

An unrecognised political party can nominate a maximum of 20 star campaigners.



Bioerosion describes the breakdown of hard ocean substrates – and less often terrestrial substrates – by living organisms. Marine bioerosion can be caused by mollusks, polychaete worms, phoronids, sponges, crustaceans, echinoids, and fish


Waqf Board

Waqf is a permanent dedication of movable or immovable properties for religious, pious or charitable purposes as recognized by Muslim Law. The Waqf Institutions deal with the religious, social and economic life of Muslims.


Follow on Public Offer (FPO)

A follow-on offering (FPO) is an issuance of stock after a company's initial public offering (IPO).



Bleisure is a travel trend that combines business and leisure travel, often by adding vacation days or activities to trips after meetings.


Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic brain disorder that affects the central nervous system's motor and non-motor systems. Symptoms include:

Slow movement, Tremors, Involuntary movement, Rigidity, Trouble walking, Imbalance, Cognitive impairment, Mental health disorders, Dementia, Sleep disorders, and Pain


Police State

A police state describes a state whose government institutions exercise an extreme level of control over civil society and liberties.


Climate litigation

Climate litigation is a global movement that involves lawsuits against governments, fossil fuel firms, and airlines. The lawsuits are used to set precedents for climate action and shape climate policy.



It is a public declaration of policy and aims, especially one issued before an election by a political party or candidate.


Quantum Supremacy

It is the ability of a quantum computer to perform calculations faster than a classical computer on a problem that no classical computer can solve in any feasible amount of time.


All We Imagine As Light

It is the first Indian title in over 40 years to feature in the prestigious In Competition section of the Cannes Film Festival


Toll Operate Transfer (TOT)

It is a public-private partnership that allows private entities to collect tolls on infrastructure projects for a set period of time, after which the ownership and operation are transferred back to the government.


Non-Tariff Barrier

These are methods that restrict the import or export of goods or services through mechanisms other than tariffs. These barriers can include quotas, embargoes, sanctions, levies, regulations, and rules of origin.



Cryogenics is the science of

materials at temperatures below

negative 153 degrees C


Hubble Tension

the current rate of the expansion of the universe is faster than what astronomers expect it to be, based on the universe's initial conditions and our present understanding of the universe's evolution which is termed as Hubble tension.




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