Tiger relocation project fails

  • Category
    Environment
  • Published
    19th Apr, 2021

Sundari, a tigress shifted as part of India’s first inter-state translocation project in 2018 from Madhya Pradesh to Odisha, returned home, signifying failure of India’s first inter-state tiger relocation project.

Context

Sundari, a tigress shifted as part of India’s first inter-state translocation project in 2018 from Madhya Pradesh to Odisha, returned home, signifying failure of India’s first inter-state tiger relocation project.

About

What was the Tiger Relocation Project?

  • The tiger relocation project was initiated in 2018.
  • Under the plan, two big cats, a male (Mahavir) from Kanha Tiger Reserve and a female (Sundari) from Bandhavgarh from Madhya Pradesh were relocated to Satkosia Tiger Reserve in Odisha, to shore up the tiger population in the state.
  • Sundari was brought to Satkosia a week after Mahavir’s arrival.

Satkosia Tiger Reserve

  • Encompassing an area of 963.87 sq km, the Satkosia Tiger Reserve spreads across four districts and has as its core area 523 sq km.·       
  • Declared as a Tiger Reserve in 2007, Satkosia had a population of 12 tigers then. The numbers reduced to two in 2018.
  • The purpose of the relocation was to repopulate tigers in the reserve areas.

Purpose of the project

  • The relocation was meant to serve two purposes —
    • to reduce tiger population in areas with excess tigers to majorly reduce territorial disputes
    • to reintroduce tigers in areas where the population has considerably reduced due to various reasons

Factors contributed to the likely failure of the project

  • lack of confidence and trust building between the forest department and the villagers
  • human-animal conflict
  • Poor capacity for tiger monitoring
  • Poor protection
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