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10th November 2023 (9 Topics)

Products from Uttarakhand bag GI tags

Context:

G.I tags been provided to products from Uttarakhand.

Key Highlights-

  • Uttarakhand’s Berinag tea: Highly sought-after by London tea houses and tea blenders, is made from the leaves of a plant that grows wild in the Himalayas, which are then compressed into a solid mass. 
  • Bichhu buti fabrics: Made from Himalayan nettle fibres, was also on the list of products that bagged the GI tag. As the plant’s fibres are hollow, they have the unique ability to accumulate air inside, thus creating a natural insulation and making an ideal clothing material for both winters and summers.
  • Mandua: A finger millet grown in Garhwal and Kumaon that is part of the staple diet in many parts of the State.
  • Jhangora: A home grown millet commonly cultivated in the rain-fed areas of the Himalayas in Uttarakhand.
  • Gahat: One of the most important pulses growing in the dry regions of the State, whose medicinal uses have been known to Ayurveda and traditional physicians for centuries.

Other products which got GI tags included:

  • Lal chawal: a red rice organically grown in the Purola region.
  • kala bhat(black soybean);
  • malta fruit; 
  • chaulai (ramdana), a grain used on fasting days; 
  • buranshjuice obtained from the red flowers of the Rhododendron arboreum; pahari toor dal;
  • Uttarakhand likhaior wood carvings,
  • Nainital mombatti(candles),
  • the rangwali pichhodaof Kumaon,
  • Ramnagar Nainital litchis,
  • Ramgarh Nainital peaches,
  • Chamoli wooden Ramman masks, and
  • Almora Lakhori mirchis, a chilli variant.

What are G.I tags?

Geographical Indications of Goods are defined as that aspect of industrial property which refer to the geographical indication referring to a country or to a place situated therein as being the country or place of origin of that product.

Typically, such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to the fact of its origin in that defined geographical locality, region or country. Under Articles 1 (2) and 10 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, geographical indications are covered as an element of IPRs.

They are also covered under Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement, which was part of the Agreements concluding the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations.

India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection)Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15th September 2003.

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