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9th August 2022 (8 Topics)

RBI Consumer Confidence Survey

Context

The Reserve Bank released the results of its Consumer Confidence Survey (CCS) for the July 2022 round.

About

  • The survey obtains current perceptions (vis-à-vis a year ago) and one year ahead expectations on general economic situation, employment scenario, overall price situation and own income and spending across 19 major cities.
  • The latest round of the survey was conducted during July 07 to July 14, 2022, covering 6,083 responses.

Consumer Confidence Survey (CCS):

  • The RBI conducts this survey every couple of months by asking households in 19 major cities — such as Ahmedabad, Bhopal, Guwahati, Patna, Thiruvananthapuram — about their current perceptions and future expectations on a variety of economic variables.
  • These variables include the general economic situation, employment scenario, overall price situation, own income and spending levels.
  • Based on these specific responses, the RBI constructs two indices: the Current Situation Index (CSI) and the Future Expectations Index (FEI).
  • The main variables of the survey are- Economic situation, Employment, Price Level, Income and Spending.
  • The CSI maps how people view their current situation (on income, employment etc.) vis a vis a year ago. The FEI maps how people expect the situation to be (on the same variables) a year from now.
  • By looking at the two variables as well as their past performance, one can learn a lot about how Indians have seen themselves fairing over the years.

Significance of the Survey:

  • Indicates how optimistic or pessimistic consumers are about their expected financial situation and the future economic situation of the country.
  • Optimism means growth in demand leading to more production and enhanced economic growth.
  • Pessimism means poor expected consumption leading to reduced production and low economic growth.
  • The key driver of economic growth and is widely considered a leading economic indicator of household spending on consumption.
  • Helps in monetary policy formulation: in formulating relevant monetary policy as per the market expectations and push and pull factors.
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