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The shape of climate justice in a warming India

  • Published
    20th Oct, 2023

Context:

As per the recent agreements made at the G-20 summit held in Delhi, ambitious goals were set to triple renewable energy capacity and double energy efficiency improvement by 2030 which seems difficult to get completed.

Consequences of Climate change

  • G-20 Summit Agreements: G-20 summit in Delhi aims for tripling renewable energy capacity and doubling energy efficiency by 2030. No consensus on phasing out fossil fuels, a critical issue in addressing the climate crisis.
  • Normative Ideals for Energy Transition: Effective transition includes internalizing emissions costs and compensating affected parties, placing financial responsibility on wealthier nations or classes.
  • India's Stance and Climate Justice: India's climate approach influenced by foreign policy and common but differentiated responsibilities, prioritizing economic growth over climate justice.

Potential Impacts

  • Disproportionate Effects on the Poor: Climate-induced events disrupt agriculture, directly leading to income losses for farmers, further deepening existing disparities.
  • Link between Inequality and Carbon Emissions: Less equitable societies exhibit higher emissions per economic unit, placing India, with its significant inequality, at heightened risk.
  • India's Energy Transition Policies: India's pursuit of ambitious clean energy targets necessitates careful examination of its wide-ranging implications.

Addressing Regional Inequalities

  • Balancing Energy Transition: A holistic approach is required to ensure a just transition that does not disproportionately impact vulnerable communities.
  • Regional Inequalities in Energy Sources: Renewable energy hubs, on the other hand, are concentrated in relatively wealthier regions, creating an economic and energy divide.
  • Role of Sub-National Governments: Sub-national governments play a crucial role in addressing climate concerns, but their priorities may conflict with those of the central government.
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