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Tribals in Jharkhand Opposing Drone Surveys

  • Published
    17th Feb, 2022
Context

Gram Sabhas in Torpa and Karra blocks of Jharkhand’s Khunti district have been protesting against Ownership Scheme.

About

About Ownership Scheme:

  • Swamitva Yojana’ or Ownership Scheme aims to map residential land ownership in the rural sector using modern technology like the use of drones.
  • SVAMITVA stands for Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Area.
  • It will create property ownership record of land in villages and empower rural population with grant of official document confirming their ownership of land titles.
  • Measurement:The residential land in villages will be measured using drones to create a non-disputable record. It is the latest technology for surveying and measuring of land.
    • Drones will draw a digital map of every property falling within the geographical limits of a village and demarcate the boundaries of every revenue area.
  • The scheme will be carried out in close coordination with the Central Panchayati Raj ministry, Survey of India, Panchayati Raj departments and Revenue departments of various states.

Coverage

  • There are about 62 lakh villages in the country which will be eventually covered in this scheme. The entire work is likely to be spread over a period of five years.

What was the need of such scheme?

  • The need for this Yojana was felt since several villagers in the rural areas do not have papers proving ownership of their land.
  • In most states, survey and measurement of the populated areas in the villages has not been done for the purpose of attestation/verification of properties.

What is the benefit of issuing an e-property card?

  • Access Credit & Benefits: It will enable rural households to use their property as a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits. 
  • Tax Collection: The database will help in determination of property tax, which would accrue to the Gram Panchayats directly in states where they are empowered to collect such taxes
  • Enhances Liquidity of assets: The cards will help increase liquidity of land parcels in the market and increase the financial credit availability to the village.
  • Developmental Planning:The scheme will also pave the way for creation of accurate land records for rural planning. 
    • All the property records and maps will be available at Gram Panchayat, which will help in taxation of villages, construction permits, elimination of encroachments, etc.

Why tribal people are protesting?

  • Tribal people protested as they were not fully informed about the survey.
  • The villagers fear their community land, on which the community have farmed for many generations, will be lost.
  • The social, economic, cultural and political strength of the tribal of Jharkhand state is associated with water, forests and land. They have their own separate constitutional rights. 
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