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3rd January 2024 (10 Topics)

USled global order is not collapsing

Context:

Theories of China overtaking the US as the world’s largest economy, prising Europe out of American dominance and emerging as the dominant power in Asia have been proved wrong.

Perceived West Decline 

  • Global Challenges to the West: Ukraine, Middle East conflicts, and Chinese assertiveness suggest a possible weakening of the USled global order.
  • Political Polarization in the US: Internal factors like political division and the potential return of Donald Trump contribute to the sense of Western decline.
  • Triumphalism in the East: Some Eastern political elites see setbacks in the West as a historic shift, marking the end of centuries of Western dominance.

India's Perspective

  • Positive India-West Relations: India views the West as a critical partner, and positive relations contradict the narrative of Western decline.
  • Objective Assessment Needed: Despite positive ties, the question of Western decline should be objectively addressed.
  • Endurance of the Idea of the West: The enduring concept of the West has persisted despite geopolitical changes and challenges over the past century.

Challenges to the West: China, Russia, and Global Dynamics

  • Sino-Russian Alliance Challenges: China and Russia present a challenge, but both seek accommodation with the West, indicating the West's enduring influence.
  • Political Forces Favoring Westernisation: Historical forces in Russia and China have favored Westernisation, despite current geopolitical confrontations.
  • Neighbouring Responses to Aggressive Actions: Aggressive actions by China and Russia push neighbouring countries closer to the US, strengthening Western influence.
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