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Women quota in J&K, Puducherry

  • Published
    13th Dec, 2023
Context

The LokSabha passed legislations to extend women’s reservation (33% reservation) to the assemblies Of Jammu & Kashmir, Puducherry

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  • Government of Union Territories (Amendment) Bill 2023 seeks to introduce women's reservation in the legislative assembly of Puducherry, the Jammu and KashmirReorganisation (Second Amendment) Bill 2023 does the same with the assembly of J&K.
  • Similar provisions for women quota in the legislative assembly of the Union Territory of Puducherry will be made by Parliament by amending the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963.
  • The move is line with parliament enacting the Constitution (One Hundred and Sixth Amendment) Act, 2023 to pave way for reservation of one-third of the total number of seats for women in the Legislative Assembly of every State; and National Capital Territory of Delhi.
  • One-third reservation of seats for women will also apply for Schedule Castes and Scheduled Tribes quotas in the legislative assembly of the Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Commencement of Provisions:
    • Reservation of seats for women in the assembly, per the Bill, becomes effective post the delimitation exercise.
    • Delimitation is contingent on the figures from the first census post the initiation of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Second Amendment) Act, 2023.
  • Temporal Limitation:
    • The provision for women's reservation ceases after fifteen years from the commencement of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Second Amendment) Act, 2023.
  • Continuation and Determination:
    • The reservation for women in the assembly persists until Parliament, through legislation, decides otherwise.
  • Rotation Mechanism:
    • The rotation of assembly seats reserved for women is contingent upon subsequent delimitation exercises as determined by Parliament.
  • Legislative Action:
    • The Constitutional amendment, known as the Constitution (One Hundred and Sixth Amendment) Act, 2023, was enacted after a special session of Parliament in September.
    • The legislation was hailed as the "Nari Shakti VandanAdhiniyam," emphasizing its significance.
    • The law's implementation is subject to the completion of the next census and the subsequent delimitation exercise for the redrawing of LokSabha and assembly constituencies.
  • Future Decision-Making:
    • Specific allotment of LokSabha and assembly seats for women will be determined by the government after the completion of the aforementioned census and delimitation processes.
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