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World Malaria Day

  • Published
    25th Apr, 2022
Context

World Malaria day is observed on 25th April.

About

About World Malaria day:

  • It is an occasion to highlight the need for continued investment and sustained political commitment for malaria prevention and control.
  • World Malaria Day was instituted by WHO Member States during the World Health Assembly of 2007. 
  • This year the theme is -Harness innovation to reduce the malaria disease burden and save lives.

About Malaria

 

  • Malaria is an acute febrile illness.
  • Caused by: Malaria is caused by Plasmodium.
  • The parasites are spread to people through the bites of infected female Anophelesmosquitoes, called "malaria vectors."
  • In humans, the parasites (called sporozoites) migrate to the liver where they mature and release another form, the merozoites.
  • There are 5 parasite species that cause malaria in humans, and 2 of these species – falciparumand P. vivax – pose the greatest threat.
  • Symptoms: The majority of Malaria symptoms are caused by the massive release of merozoites into the bloodstream such as anaemia is caused by the destruction of the red blood cells.
    • The first symptoms – fever, headache, and chills – may be mild and difficult to recognize as malaria. 

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