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UPSC Mains: Governance Previous Year Questions

Governance is a demanding area under UPSC civil services examination GS paper 2. It requires a certain approach that is difficult to build until there is a little guidance. UPSC previous year questions offer help by giving an idea about the kinds of questions asked, approach required and the strategy to be adopted. GS SCORE thus presents to you analysis and discussion of previous year questions of governance that will help you to strategize better and overcome any problems you might face in preparation of governance. It will help you in building an analytical approach towards topics you come across in your routine study of newspaper and current affairs.

The PYQ discussion has been done in a manner that it explains concept behind the questions, answer writing approach and probable areas from the area, to broaden your outlook.

Theme wise discussion of topics under UPSC syllabus will help you to comprehensively understand the syllabus with various dimensions. It will greatly promote students self-study and self-preparation abilities. Trend analysis discussion is aimed to better serve you in comprehending recent bent in the questions being asked by UPSC

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(Including GST)

₹ 2000

Course Fee
(Including GST)

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  1. Total number of videos of PYQs with Model Answers: 58
  2. Total number of theme videos : 9
  3. Trend analysis video: 1

The module includes following components to give you a holistic coverage of the PYQs:

Trend analysis & Approach:

  • This includes video discussion on trends of questions asked from 2015-2021 by UPSC along with detailed approach to the subject.

Themes Discussion:

  • To demarcate the important areas, the entire syllabus has divided into various themes. In Depth video discussion will be provided on each theme.

Model Answers

  • For each PYQ Model Approach and Model Hints shall be provided.

Answer Discussion

  • For each PYQ answer discussion will be available focusing on concepts explanation approach to the answer.

Probable questions

  • At the end of the each answer discussion videos we will also provide probable question and dimensions from the same topic to enhance your outlook towards the topic.

Sample Question & Discussions

  • The Central Administration Tribunal which was established for redressal of grievances and complaints by or against central government employees nowadays is exercising its powers as an independent judicial authority." Explain.2019 Video & Solution
  • The Self Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Programme (SBLP), which is India’s own innovation , has proved to be one of the most effective poverty alleviation and women empowerment programmes. Elucidate.2015 Video & Solution

Videos

  • Theme Video 1 (Governance)
  • Theme Video 2 (Governance)
  • Theme Video 3 (Governance)
  • Theme Video 4 (Governance)
  • Theme Video 5 (Governance)
  • Theme Video 6 (Governance)
  • Theme Video 7 (Governance)
  • PYQ Governance Trend Analysis
  • Theme Video 9 (Governance)
  • Theme Video 8 (Governance)

Questions

  • Pressure groups play a vital role in influencing public policy making in India.” Explain how the business associations contribute to public policies.2021
  • “Besides being a moral imperative of Welfare State, primary health structure is a necessary pre-condition for sustainable development.” Analyze.2021
  • “Earn while you learn’ scheme needs to be strengthened to make vocational education and skill training meaningful.” Comment.2021
  • Can the vicious cycle of gender inequality, poverty and malnutrition be broken through micro financing of women SHGs? Explain with examples.2021
  • Though the Human Rights Commissions have contributed immensely to the protection of human rights in India, yet they have failed to assert themselves against the mighty and powerful. Analyzing their structural and practical limitations, suggest remedial measures.2021
  • Has digital illiteracy, particularly in rural areas, couple with lack of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) accessibility hindered socio-economic development? Examine with justification.2021
  • “Though women in post-Independent India have excelled in various fields, the social attitude towards women and feminist movement has been patriarchal.” Apart from women education and women empowerment schemes, what interventions can help change this milieu?2021
  • Institutional quality is a crucial driver of economic performance. In this context suggest reforms in Civil Service for strengthening democracy.2020
  • The strength sustenance of local institutions in India has shifted from their formative phase of ‘Functions, Functionaries and Funs’ to the contemporary stage of ‘Functionality’. Highlight the critical challenges faced by local institutions in terms of their functionality in recent times.2020
  • “The incidence and intensity of poverty are more important in determining poverty based on income alone”. In this context analyse the latest United Nations Multidimensional Poverty Index Report.2020
  • “Micro-Finance as an anti-poverty vaccine, is aimed at asset creation and income security of the rural poor in India”. Evaluate the role of Self-Help Groups in achieving the twin objectives along with empowering women in rural India.2020
  • In order to enhance the prospects of social development, sound and adequate health care policies are needed particularly in the fields of geriatric and maternal health care. Discuss.2020
  • National Education Policy 2020 is in conformity with the Sustainable Development Goal-4 (2030). It intends to restructure and reorient education system in India. Critically examine the statement.2020
  • “The emergence of Fourth Industrial Revolution (Digital Revolution) has initiated e-Governance as an integral part of government”. Discuss.2020
  • The need for cooperation among various service sector has been an inherent component of development discourse. Partnership bridges bring the gap among the sectors. It also sets in motion a culture of 'Collaboration' and 'team spirit'. In the light of statements above, examine India's Development process.2019
  • The Central Administration Tribunal which was established for redressal of grievances and complaints by or against central government employees nowadays is exercising its powers as an independent judicial authority." Explain.2019 Video & Solution
  • The reservation of seats for women in the institution of local self government has had a limited impact on the patriarchal character of the Indian political processes.2019
  • 'In the context of neo-liberal paradigm of development planning, multi-level planning is expected to make operations cost effective and remove many implementation blockages.'-Discuss.2019
  • What are the methods used by the Farmers organizations to influence the policy-makers in India and how effective are these methods?2019
  • There is a growing divergence in the relationship between poverty and hunger in India. The shrinking of social expenditure by the government is forcing the poor to spend more on Non- Food essential items squeezing their food - budget. Elucidate.2019
  • Despite Consistent experience of High growth, India still goes with the lowest indicators of human development. Examine the issues that make balanced and inclusive development elusive.2019
  • Implementation of information and Communication Technology (ICT) based Projects / Programmes usually suffers in terms of certain vital factors. Identify these factors, and suggest measures for their effective implementation.2019
  • “Policy contradictions among various competing sectors and stakeholders have resulted in inadequate ‘protection and prevention of degradation to environment.” Comment with relevant illustrations.2018
  • Appropriate local community level healthcare intervention is a prerequisite to achieve ‘Health for All’ in India. Explain.2018
  • Whether National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) can enforce the implementation of constitutional reservation for the Scheduled Castes in the religious minority institutions? Examine.2018
  • Multiplicity of various commissions for the vulnerable sections of the society leads to problems of overlapping jurisdiction and duplication of functions. Is it better to merge all commissions into an umbrella Human Rights Commission? Argue your case.2018
  • Multiplicity of various commissions for the vulnerable sections of the society leads to problems of overlapping jurisdiction and duplication of functions. Is it better to merge all commissions into an umbrella Human Rights Commission? Argue your case.2018
  • How far do you agree with the view that the focus on lack of availability of food as the main cause of hunger takes the attention away from ineffective human development policies in India?2018
  • E-governance in not only about utilization of the power of new technology, but also much about critical importance of the ‘use value’ of information. Explain.2018
  • The Citizen’s Charter is an ideal instrument of organisational transparency and accountability, but it has its own limitations. Identify the limitations and suggest measures for greater effectiveness of the Citizen’s Charters.2018
  • Initially Civil Services in India were designed to achieve the goals of neutrality and effectiveness, which seems to be lacking in the present context. Do you agree with the view that drastic reforms are required in Civil Services? Comment.2017
  • "The local self-government system in India has not proved to be effective instrument of governance." Critically examine the statement and give your view to improve the situation.2017
  • Does the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 ensure effective mechanism for empowerment and inclusion of the intended beneficiaries in the society? Discuss.2017
  • Is the National Commission for Women able to strategize and tackle the problems that women face at both public and private spheres? Give reasons in support of your answer.2017
  • How do pressure groups influence Indian political process? Do you agree with this view that informal pressure groups have emerged as more powerful than formal pressure groups in recent years?2017
  • Hunger and poverty are the bigger challenges for good governance in India still today. Evaluate how far successive governments have progressed in dealing with these humongous problems. Suggest measures for improvement.2017
  • "Poverty alleviation programmes in India remain more showpieces until and unless they are backed up by political will." Discuss with reference to the performance of the major poverty alleviation programmes in India.2017
  • "To ensure effective implementation of policies addressing water, sanitation and hygiene needs the identification of the beneficiary segments is to be synchronized with the anticipated outcomes." Examine the statement in the context of the WASH scheme.2017
  • Has the Indian governmental system responded adequately to the demands of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization started in 1991? What can the government do to be responsive to this important change?2016
  • Examine the main provisions of the National Child Policy and throw light on the status of its implementation.2016
  • "In the Indian governance system, the role of non-state actors has been only marginal." Critically examine this statement.2016
  • Professor Amartya Sen has advocated important reforms in the realms of primary education and primary health care. What are your suggestions to improve their status and performance?2016
  • "Effectiveness of the government system at various levels and people's participation in the governance system are inter-dependent." Discuss their relationship with each other in context of India.2016
  • In the integrity index of Transparency International, India stands very low. Discuss briefly the legal, political, economic, social and cultural factors that have caused the decline of public morality in India.2016
  • "Demographic Dividend in India will remain only theoretical unless our manpower becomes more educated, aware, skilled and creative." What measures have been taken by the government to enhance the capacity of our population to be more productive and employ2016
  • "Traditional bureaucratic structure and culture have hampered the process of socio-economic development in India." Comment.2015
  • “For achieving the desired objectives, it is necessary to ensure that the regulatory institutions remain independent and autonomous.” Discuss in the light of experiences in recent past.2015
  • In absence of well – educated and organised local level government system, ‘Panchayats’ and ‘Samitis’ have remained mainly political institutions and not effective instruments of governance. Critically discuss.2015
  • Examine critically the recent changes in the rules governing foreign funding of NGOs under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA), 1976.2015
  • The Self Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Programme (SBLP), which is India’s own innovation , has proved to be one of the most effective poverty alleviation and women empowerment programmes. Elucidate.2015 Video & Solution
  • How can the role of NGOs be strengthened in India for  development works relating to protection of the environment? Discuss throwing light on the major constraints.2015
  • "The emergence of the Self-Help Groups (SHGs) in contemporary times points to the show but steady withdrawal of the State from developmental activities." Examine the role of the SHGs in developmental activities and the measures taken by the Government of India to promote the SHGs.2015
  • Though there have been several different estimates of poverty in India, all indicate reduction in poverty levels over time. Do you agree? Critically examine with reference to urban and rural poverty indicators.2015
  • The quality of higher education in India requires major improvements to make it internationally competitive. Do you think that the entry of foreign educational  institutions would help improve the quality of technical and higher education in the country? Discuss.2015
  • Public health system has limitations in providing universal health coverage. Do you think that private sector could help in bridging the gap? What other viable alternatives would you suggest?2015
  •  In the light of Satyam Scandal (2009), discuss the changes brought in corporate governance to ensure transparency, accountability.2015
  • “If amendment bill to the Whistleblowers Protection Act, 2011 tabled in the Parliament is passed, there may be no one left to protect.” Critically evaluate.2015
  • Can Civil Society and Non-Governmental Organizations present an alternative model of public service delivery to benefit the common citizen. Discuss the challenges of this alternative model.2015

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