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UPSC IAS Mains 2021 General Studies (Paper – 3)

UPSC IAS Mains 2021 “General Studies (GS Paper 3)” Exam Question Paper

Marks: 250

Duration: 3 hours

Exam Date: 08.01.2022

UPSC Mains 2021: GS Paper 3 Model Hints

The following hints for Union Public Service Commission Mains General Studies Paper 3 examination, 2021 can be utilized by the aspirants and appeared candidates for various purposes. Appeared candidates of the UPSC Mains 2021 can use these hints to get an outline of the required answers and compare it with what they have written during the examination. Other aspirants of the Union Public Service Commission examination can use this as a learning aid for practice and analysis of this year’s papers.

The hints have been prepared keeping in mind the Union Public Service Commission Mains examination’s specified word limits and examination expected standards. This is not an exhaustive attempt. There could be many more points and details which can be added for proper explanation. However, we have decided to write exactly as per exam conditions and time limits. We hope this contribute in your understanding and preparation of Union Public Service Commission Mains examination.

Subject: Paper – IV: General Studies – III: Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

  1. Explain the difference between computing methodology of India’s Gross Domestic  Product (GDP) before the year 2015 and after the year 2015. (Answer in 150 words) (10)  
  2. Distinguish between Capital Budget and Revenue Budget. Explain the components  of both these Budgets. (Answer in 150 words) (10) 
  3. How did land reforms in some parts of the country help to improve the socio-economic  conditions of marginal and small farmers? (Answer in 150 words) (10) 
  4. How and to what extent would micro-irrigation help in solving India’s water crisis?   (Answer in 150 words) (10) 
  5. How is S-400 air defence system technically superior to any other system presently  available in the world? (Answer in 150 words) (10) 
  6. Explain the purpose of the Green Grid Initiative launched at World Leaders Summit of  the COP26 UN Climate Change Conference in Glasgow in November, 2021. When this  idea was first floated in the International Solar Alliance (ISA)? (Answer in 150 words) (10) 
  7. Describe the key points of the revised Global Air Quality Guidelines (AQGs) recently  released by the World Health Organisation (WHO). How are these different from  its last update in 2005? What changes in India’s National Clean Air Programme are  required to achieve these revised standards? (Answer in 150 words) (10) 
  8. Discuss about the vulnerability of India to earthquake related hazards. Give examples  including the salient features of major disasters caused by earthquakes in different  parts of India during the last three decades. (Answer in 150 words) (10) 
  9. Discuss how emerging technologies and globalisation contribute to money laundering.  Elaborate measures to tackle the problem of money laundering both at national and  international levels. (Answer in 150 words) (10) 
  10. Keeping in view India’s internal security, analyse the impact of cross-border cyber  attacks. Also discuss defensive measures against these sophisticated attacks.   (Answer in 150 words) (10) 
  11. Do you agree that the Indian economy has recently experienced V- shaped recovery?  Give reasons in support of your answer. (Answer in 250 words) (15) 
  12. “Investment in infrastructure is essential for more rapid and inclusive economic  growth. “Discuss in the light of India’s experience. (Answer in 250 words) (15) 
  13. What are the salient features of the National Food Security Act, 2013? How has  the Food Security Bill helped in eliminating hunger and malnutrition in India?  (Answer in 250 words) (15) 
  14. What are the present challenges before crop diversification? How do  emerging technologies provide an opportunity for crop diversification?   (Answer in 250 words) (15) 
  15. What are the research and developmental achievements in applied biotechnology?  How will these achievements help to uplift the poorer sections of society? (Answer in 250 words) (15) 
  16. The Nobel Prize in Physics of 2014 was jointly awarded to Akasaki, Amano and  Nakamura for the invention of Blue LEDs in 1990s. How has this invention impacted  the everyday life of human beings? (Answer in 250 words) (15) 
  17. Describe the major outcomes of the 26th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to  the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). What are the  commitments made by India in this conference? (Answer in 250 words) (15) 
  18. Describe the various causes and the effects of landslides. Mention the important  components of the National Landslide Risk Management Strategy. (Answer in 250 words) (15) 
  19. Analyse the multidimensıonal challenges posed by external state and non-state  actors, to the internal security of India. Also discuss measures required to be taken to  combat these threats. (Answer in 250 words) (15)
  20. Analyse the complexity and intensity of terrorism, its causes, linkages and obnoxious  nexus. Also suggest measures required to be taken to eradicate the menace of terrorism.   (Answer in 250 words) (15)
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